Games People Play Summary

Games People Play SummaryThe Basic Handbook of Transactional Analysis

We all play games, whether we know it or not.

However, this kind of behavior undermines the healthiness and strength of your relationships.

In our summary of the book, “Games People Play” by Eric Berne, we explore the hidden dynamics between all those conscious and subconscious games that stand in your way of finding real intimacy.

Who Should Read “Games People Play”? and Why?

In “Games People Play” author Eric Berne uses his knowledge to give the readers insight into the bases of human behavior.

He explains why people play games, what kinds of games exist and how you can spot when you are entering some role that undermines your relationships.

We recommend this well-written book to life coaches, therapists and all people interested in human behavior.

About Eric Berne

Eric BerneDr. Eric Berne (1910-1970) was a Canadian psychiatrist who developed the theory of transactional analysis that was quite influential in the twentieth century.

“Games People Play Summary”

You have probably noticed up till now that despite the fact that you cannot always understand and predict human behavior, there are some recurring behavioral patterns.

If you did not notice it, author Eric Berne did.

After studying a large number of patients, he concluded that when people enter an interaction, they act from one of their three ego-states: Parent, Adult, or Child.

These states create systems of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors and people develop them over the course of their entire life.

Many of the beliefs and values you have picked up during childhood, so the ego-state you enter depends both on the present and your past.

Why are ego states important?

Because understanding them is the essential first step toward understanding the number of games people play.

Each time you communicate with someone, you enter into one of your ego states.

However, at times, you seem to be acting from one ego state, when in reality you are interacting with another. When this happens, what appears to be the goal of the interaction, is not the real goal at all.

Instead, you are playing a game.

Now, we do not say that each time you are conscious of the games you play.

In fact, many game players are doing it unconsciously. Not only do they not know that they are playing, but they also don’t understand why they are doing it.

That is why understanding the games you play, as well as the ego states is crucial in becoming aware and freeing yourself from all those behavioral patterns that are holding you back.

Read on and continue walking toward a better life filled with more fulfilling relationships.

Key Lessons from “Games People Play”:

1.      Types of Games
2.       Bedroom Games
3.       Why Do We Keep Playing Games

Types of Games

  • Schlemiel

In Schlemiel you manipulate someone into forgiving you.

For example, the leading player breaks something “by accident” when invited to someone’s place.

On the surface, it may look like the player may want to apologize as an Adult for the mess he or she has created.

However, the Schlemiel is trying to manipulate their host into becoming a model of forgiveness as a Parent.

  • Why Don’t You – Yes But

In this game, the player shares a problem with a group, and then the group offers advice and suggestions.

However, all the suggestions are in reality irrelevant, because the player will always find a reason to dismiss each solution.

In this game, the main character is a Child, and the group takes the role of a Parent.

There are many other games, some naïve and harmless, and some wicked and manipulative. For more information, read on.

Bedroom Games

When you read the title of this key lesson, you may have thought this is the fun part.

However, in this part, we will be talking about the complex psychological games that couples play and aren’t connected to fun at all.

  • Rapo

In Rapo, sex becomes a means of revenge.

One person incites a sexual act and then accuses the sexual partner of assault. Although the confrontation seems to happen between two Adults, in reality, it is an interaction between Children.

This game is all about guilt.

  • Uproar.

In Uproar, the players try to get rid of uncomfortable sexual tension by starting a fight.

  • Courtroom. 

A Married couple goes to a therapist thinking they are there to work on their unhealthy relationship.

However, although it may seem like all of the players: the couple and the therapist are in an Adult state, that is not the case.

Instead, one spouse is in the Child state and complains to the therapist, who is in a Parent state, about the other partner.

  • Frigid Wife.

In Frigid Wife, the woman sexually provokes her partner and then rejects all of the advances the partner makes.

She takes on the role of a Parent and puts the partner in the state of a Child.

She does so so that she can reinforce prejudices that state that all men want is sex.

Why Do We Keep Playing Games

If we can see so clearly that all that games do is make our lives miserable, why do we continue to play them?

Well, as we already said, not all games people play are conscious. In other words, each culture, country, and family have their games, and many of the moves we make in our lives, we have picked up during growing up without even realizing it.

Additionally, games enable people to interact with each other without getting intimate, and thus without getting hurt. Most people feel uncomfortable with revealing their true selves to others.

So, playing games allows the players to hide in their comfort zones, instead of getting close and intimate. More precisely, they can be social, without being vulnerable.

What we need to understand is that intimacy and vulnerability are essential for forming strong and true bonds between people. Hence, if we want to create a healthy relationship, we have to give up playing games.

However, if games are a part of everyone’s life, how can we get rid of them?

The first step is acknowledging and understanding all different games people play. You need to become aware of the ego states that exist in each human mind and pay attention when you interact with other people.

If you understand all the games that exist, you will be able to disrupt them whenever you notice they happen.

Drop that mask and do not fear to be vulnerable.

We know it will not be easy, but no other alternative will allow you to have a fulfilling life.

Like this summary? We’d Like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“Games People Play” Quotes

Awareness requires living in the here and now, and not in the elsewhere, the past or the future. Click To Tweet The solitary individual can structure time in two ways: activity and fantasy. Click To Tweet The eternal problem of the human being is how to structure his waking hours. Click To Tweet Pastimes and games are substitutes for the real living of real intimacy. Click To Tweet We shared a common interest in how the past effects people—some let it decide who they are, while others make it part of what they will do. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“Games People Play” is a compelling read for all people interested in psychology. At times it can get a bit wordy, and the terminology may be confusing for beginners in the field, but apart from that, it is a fascinating read.

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Hey Whipple, Squeeze This! Summary

Hey Whipple, Squeeze This! SummaryThe Classic Guide to Creating Great Ads

If you are anything like me, whenever you hear or read about advertising, your mind wanders to Mad Men: a group of creative geniuses whose days are filled with drinks, parties, and affairs, who still get the time to come up with the idea that will blow the mind of their client.

However, advertising is a lot more complicated and chaotic than that.

You have to cope with products, partners, clients and above all ideas. Ideas are not that easy to come by, you know.

Especially when you need to think of a way to use the simplest form and words and say everything there is to say in only 30 seconds.

In our summary of “Hey Whipple, Squeeze This!” we give you tips that will make the process a lot easier.

Who Should Read “Hey Whipple, Squeeze This!”? and Why?

Sullivan and Boches’s “Hey Whipple, Squeeze This!” has been a go-to guide to everyone that lives in a world of advertising: from newcomers to those who have been in the business for years.

The title comes from the unconventional Charmin Toilet Paper campaign in the 70s, which revolved around an annoying shop clerk – Mr. Whipple, who would not stop squeezing the product.

We recommend this book to readers who are interested in how ads work, and for all those who live, or want to live in the much talked about advertising world.

About Luke Sullivan and Edward Boches

Luke SullivanLuke Sullivan is the chairman of the advertising department at the Savannah College of Art and Design. He is known primarily for his three-decade career in advertising under eminent agencies.

Edward BochesEdward Boches teaches advertising and creative courses at Boston University’s College of Communication.

“Hey Whipple, Squeeze This! Summary”

A long time ago, a couple of good ideas and burning passion would be enough for a marketing agency to hire you.

Today it is an entirely different story.

The marketing industry has become immensely popular, so you need an outstanding portfolio to get noticed in the crowd.

To create an excellent book, you do not need a previous education in an ad school. Instead, you need around ten hypothetical campaigns that you will bring to excellence.

But, how can you do this?

By focusing on campaigns built by good ideas, since fresh, unique ideas are what agencies are interested in.

Before you decide to enter the industry, we hate to break it to you, but work in advertising is not exactly as portrayed in Mad Men.

Instead of affairs and parties, you will get overwhelming creative chaos and tons of work.

With each client, with each campaign, you start anew. There is no slacking in advertising – you have to be on top of your game each time, no matter how different your clients and campaigns are.

As you can already notice, the creative process consists of no beginnings, no ends, and no fixed rules.

Still, we managed to extract a few key lessons that can help you in your career.

Key Lessons from “Hey Whipple, Squeeze This!”:

1.      Get Out of a Block – and Into the Zone
2.      What Makes a Great Ad?
3.      Creating a Great Radio Ad

Get Out of a Block – and Into the Zone

Sadly, no button turns ideas and creativity on and off.

That means that sometimes you will feel blocked.

In such scenarios, you must stay calm, since many tricks can get you in the zone again.

Below we list a few of them.

Write mindlessly

Do not think about what you are writing, just put something on the paper. Anything that comes to mind. Soon, you will find the words you need. You know how they said; sometimes inspiration has to catch you working.

Put yourself in the customer’s head

Sometimes trying to evoke what your customer might feel when using the product can fuel your imagination. Emotional appeal proves to be far more potent than rationality when it comes to buying goods and services.

Use the relationship with your partner

If you have a partner, bring your ideas together and brainstorm, even on the bad ideas. You will be amazed by the results.

What Makes a Great Ad?

To make a great ad, find one memorable word that represents the brand. Make sure that word resonates everything the brand stands for. Then, tell the truth about the product in a new, unheard of way. Even unpleasant truths can become a success if you find a proper way to present them.

Furthermore, employ both an unusual and thought-provoking part in your ad, to make viewers watch it over and over again.

However, that is not all. It may have been the process in the past, but now the availability of information makes everything different.

Hence, it is more important than ever for your company to act the way it promises to act in its ads. Otherwise, no matter how great your ad is, it just won’t work.

Creating a Great Radio Ad

When it comes to making ads for radio, it is harder to grab and keep people’s attention, since you have only audio at your disposal.

However, nothing is unachievable!

People do not see an image in front of them to be able to picture the scene inside their head. In other words, if you use sound correctly, especially background noise, you will be able to paint vivid images inside people’s minds.

Also, keep in mind that although you may think the opposite, your radio ad does not have to be funny to keep the listeners’ attention.

Instead, opt for naturalness and honesty.

Other things you can add to your ad to make it more lively are dialogues. But be careful, when you decide to add conversations, make them sound natural.


Listen to how people speak. They interrupt each other, complete each other’s sentences, speak in fragments, so do that in your ad also. Use intonation, pauses, and silence to capture the feeling you want to present.

Like this summary? We’d Like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“Hey Whipple, Squeeze This!” Quotes

A brand is the sum total of all the emotions, thoughts, images, history, possibilities, and gossip that exist in the marketplace about a certain company. Click To Tweet Advertising is what happens on TV when people go to the bathroom. Click To Tweet There has never been a time in my career when I have faced the empty page and not been scared. I was scared as a junior-co-assistant-copy-cub-intern. And I’m scared today. Click To Tweet A brand isn’t just the name on the box. It isn’t the thing in the box, either. A brand is the sum total of all the emotions, thoughts, images, history, possibilities, and gossip that exist in the marketplace about a certain company. Click To Tweet Advertising is a craft executed by people who aspire to be artists, but is assessed by those who aspire to be scientists. I cannot imagine any human relationship more perfectly designed to produce total mayhem. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

In “Hey Whipple, Squeeze This!” Sullivan and Boches cover everything there is to know about advertising: from getting a job in the industry to writing ads for various mediums. He gives readers practical insights and numerous tricks that can help them come up with a winning idea.

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Fluent Forever Summary

Fluent Forever SummaryHow to Learn Any Language Fast and Never Forget It

Do you want to start learning a new language? Have you started, but given up countless times?

In our summary of “Fluent Forever,” we present you the secrets of getting the most of your memory, along with the precise techniques you can use for a smoother language learning process.

We promise you will learn a few tricks that you will surely find useful tips that will make remembering all those problematic words and grammar rules a piece of cake.

Who Should Read “Fluent Forever”? and Why?

Why is learning a new language so tricky?

You have to struggle with remembering new words, grammar rules and their exceptions, and strange rhythm and pronunciation.

“Fluent Forever” is a book that promises to erase all those difficulties, by linking neuroscience with tricks on memory.

We recommend this book to all people out there who are learning a new language, and everyone who could use some techniques to improve their memory.

About Gabriel Wyner

Gabriel WynerGabriel Wyner is a polyglot who has learned German, French, and Russian fluently in just a few months each, using his techniques for rapid language learning. He currently works on learning Japanese and Hungarian.

He also holds degrees in vocal arts and engineering.

“Fluent Forever Summary”

If you have ever tried to learn a new language, then you probably know how hard it may be.

Just think of all those new words you believe you just learned, and then a minute later – you realize you forgot.

We have some good news for you!

There are some techniques you can learn that can help you make these new words to stick.

One of those techniques is making connections in your mind.

You need to know that although all connections can help you remembering, some are more effective than others.

Now, the brain processes word a few different levels: personal connection, structure, sound, concept. The most effective connection you can make is linking a word to personal experience.

Let’s take an example.

Let’s say you want to learn the French word for cat.

If you can manage to connect the word to a memory you have with a cat, you will double your chances of remembering it.

Visual memory is a fantastic tool that you can use in remembering just about everything.

Read on to find out the precise techniques that you can use to make the remembering process more efficient.

Key Lessons from “Fluent Forever”:

1.      The Truth about Memory
2.      Word Games
3.      Speeding up Your Progress

The Truth about Memory

You have heard that repetition is the mother of knowledge, but how true is that?

In the nineteenth century, German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus devoted several years of his life to memorizing a list of nonsensical syllables. He then compared the time it took him to learn the list of the time it took him to relearn the same list. What he got, as a result, was the forgetting curve.

In other words, he found out that you remember about 30 percent of what you learn a day later, but only 10 percent after a year.

The truth is your memory is worse than you think and increasing repetition is not the best way. Repeating the information is overlearning, and studies show that it is not useful when it comes to long-term memory.

If learning like we have been learning so far is not right, then what can we do?

Well, we can use the act called recalling. Find out more about remembering the pages of “Fluent Forever.”

Now, we move to our second lesson.

Word Games

  • Spot The Difference

What you need for this game are Google images. Search for any word, and you will get a bunch of pictures that will not only show you one example of what the word means but all the subtleties of it.

By spotting the difference between what is on the screen and what you expected to see will let you note the various meanings of the word, and make words easier to learn.

  • Memory Game

Take a word you want to learn and connect it to something personal.
Do not worry, even if you are unable to find a connection, you will still remember the word by the action of searching for a linkage.

Fill your brain with comprehensible input, and you will have no problem at all.

  • PAO Technique

Word conjugations and all those nouns, adjectives and verbs that come in different forms are the most challenging part of learning a language. There are rules, but there are also so many expectations to them!

Now, you may believe that the only way to learn these words are remembering endless lists of endings.

However, we have a better idea.

When you try to learn a word, create a simple, personal story for it by employing the person-action-object (PAO) technique, which you will learn more about in the book.

Speeding up Your Progress

  • Use monolingual dictionaries

Monolingual dictionaries are dictionaries in which the words’ meanings are explained using the same language as the language you are learning and the words you looked up for. This builds vocabulary much faster.

  • Abstain from constant translations

Whenever we start learning a new language, we always try to translate all words into our native language to understand their exact meanings.

Although this seems intuitive and sensible, if you want to speed up your progress, you need to stop the need to translate everything.

You can do this with the monolingual dictionaries, by removing the subtitles from the movies you watch, et cetera.

Try reading a book while listening to its audio version.

This will teach you the rhytm of the new language.

Like this summary? We’d Like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“Fluent Forever” Quotes

If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart. —Nelson Mandela Click To Tweet Our capacity for visual memory is extraordinary; we only need to learn how to take advantage of it. Click To Tweet The difference between false memories and true ones is the same as for jewels: it is always the false ones that look the most real, the most brilliant. —Salvador Dalí Click To Tweet Extra repetition is known as overlearning, and it doesn’t help long-term memory at all. Can you remember a single fact from the last school test you crammed for? Can you even remember the test itself? If we’re going to invest our time… Click To Tweet The difference between false memories and true ones is the same as for jewels: it is always the false ones that look the most real, the most brilliant. —Salvador Dal Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

In “Fluent Forever” Wyner lets readers know the tips and tricks that enabled him to learn a few languages in a few months each. As a result learning, a new language turns from being a struggle into being a fun game.

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Focus Summary

Focus SummaryThe Hidden Driver of Excellence

Focus has three main categories – according to Goleman, “inner, other and outer.” Each one is crucial for maintaining balance and becoming a highly productive individual.

Every leader must be able to concentrate on the things that don’t hinder his personal and professional growth.

In this book summary, we return to the basics of attention fluctuation and reveal some insights on how to avoid being at the mercy of your mindset.

Who Should Read “Focus”? And Why?

Well, when a book such as “Focus” emphasizes the secret of inner-peace, then it’s virtually impossible to define a target group.

We firmly believe that no person will feel the taste of regret if it spends several hours with Daniel Goleman’s modern classic.

About Daniel Goleman

Daniel GolemanDaniel Goleman needs no introduction among book lovers. His name its deeply embedded into the new self-help culture through various enlightening books such as Emotional Intelligence, Working with Emotional Intelligence, Social Intelligence, Ecological Intelligence, Primal Leadership and others.

“Focus Summary”

After years and years spent in ignorance, the time has finally come to reshape our mindset. For instance, how often do you find yourself defocused from the task you are supposed to do. In general, we have a tough time focusing or paying attention.  

As straightforward as this book can be, Daniel Goleman outlines some practical skills that will provide you an escape from the “private” prison cell. It’s not all about productiveness, time=money; if you are spending the most limited resource carelessly, then something has to be done and quick.

Being creative, and open to life, is merely a beginning, the main threat comes from beliefs which overlook the importance of focus.

Let’s roll with some confidence:

Have you ever worked on a laptop in a bar or coffeehouse? If so, or at least if you tried, you entirely get the big picture, of why focusing on a single task can be so demanding. You are sitting there, loud music, the bartender shouts, brings orders and so on.

To handle such distractions, especially if someone triggers an emotional outburst in you, you need outside help.  

Type of distractions:

Sensory” is referred to anything that is perceptive, shapes, colors, sizes, sounds and other noises. When confronting such outer disturbance, emotional outbursts can adjust to another form, more subtle and hard to notice.

If you are being annoyed by things that blockade your focus and draw your attention, like being in some crowded place, you should really calm yourself. It’s not rocket science, nor something too simple to digest, in other words, if you are upset by environmental elements, you ought to shift your focus.

Scientists cannot find the source of thoughts nor imagination. The “wandering mind” is designed to travel through mental concepts, if not engaged it immediately looks for a place to crush – figuratively speaking. Maybe this is the default setting, that comes something like a package deal, 2 in 1 with the body.

All joking aside, when the mind is not engaged in interpreting psychological tendencies, it tends to find a perfect spot for another “adventure.” In this egoistic state, people are prone to create their own little world, where focus mainly falls on imagining the future, judging one’s self, making predictions, and contemplating thoughts.

If you give up to the notion to judge your progress, you’ll immediately get in touch with the deepest level of focus. According to scientists, the human brain is somehow activated during downtime, through an area known as the prefrontal cortex. The biological significance comes secondary in this argument.

What does it take to shift the nerve center completely?

Self-awareness and productivity share the spotlight and the route to reaching full control over the focal point. The human consciousness is the only one which can reflect its own existence. If this sounds too complex for you to grasp, let’s go with a simple illustration.

When thinking occurs, or when you become distracted by your inner voice, what is actually going on? – Are you aware that thoughts arise? – If the answer is yes, that’s the whole key. Attention, on the other hand, is the same as any other inner phenomenon.

An area located in the brain’s frontal lobes, known as the insula, represents the nerve center, from which the internal organs receive commands. People with a harmonious inner state, have fully-functional insulae that acts as guidance.

The insula’s indicators are a real peace-saver that are formed to intuitively support your efforts in creating value for yourself, and community. We all need such practical “friend,” regardless of the circumstances.

Scientists have proven after long and extensive research that no single area of the brain has the power to handle the system recognition exclusively. In fact, the mind fully depends on the brain’s parietal cortex to observe the thinking patterns as a whole.

Key Lessons from “Focus

1.      Float carelessly through life
2.      Focus and the power-absorption
3.      Think and then become

Float carelessly through life

Do you know that we differ from one another regarding navigation? In reality, this is not an inherited skill nor has something to do with intelligence.

It’s rarely a mastery, and it signifies the power of absorbing spontaneous knowledge by staying focused during first-hand experiences with a system.

Focus and the power-absorption

To become the master of all creation and to rarely fall out of balance, (emotionally) you need to be aware when your focus drifts around.

Although that’s easier said than done, it’s a feasible process, that will give you an advantage in any environment.

Think and then become

It probably doesn’t come as a surprise, but your inner world reflects or manifests everything you express on the outside.

Your mental sickness is the cause of lacking focus, and endangering the creativity, you put in your daily endeavors.

Like this summary? We’d Like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“Focus” Quotes

Directing attention toward where it needs to go is a primal task of leadership. Click To Tweet The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant,” Albert Einstein once said. “We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift. Click To Tweet For leaders to get results they need all three kinds of focus. Inner focus attunes us to our intuitions, guiding values, and better decisions. Other focus smooths our connections to the people in our lives. And outer focus lets us… Click To Tweet The sweet spot for smart decisions, then, comes not just from being a domain expert, but also from having high self-awareness. Click To Tweet Mindfulness helps especially for those of us for whom every setback, hurt or disappointment creates endless cascades of rumination. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

From the beginning, we were really excited about yet another Daniel Goleman’s insightful and trustworthy book “Focus“, written in easily absorbable style.

He didn’t disappoint anyone and produce a real masterpiece by all standards.

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Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming Summary

Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming SummaryLucid dreaming is a compelling but mysterious subject.

You probably think that only some people (if any at all) can do it.

But, think again.

In the following summary, we tell you everything there is to know about this fascinating topic. We give you a step by step guide which you can use to learn different techniques to evoke lucidity in yourself.

Who Should Read “Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming”? and Why?

Do you dream often?

Of course, you do, you just don’t remember all of your dreams.

Usually, as we open our eyes in the morning, the first light chases the dreams away from our mind.

However, with some training, you can turn the world of dreams into an adventure.

Yes, you have heard right.

Authors of “Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming,” Stephen LaBerge and Howard Rheingold, argue that anyone can learn how to get into a lucid state.

However, they do not teach you that just because it is fun.

Instead, they believe that you can use lucid dreaming to improve your daily life.

We recommend “Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming” to people who suffer from fears and nightmares, psychologists studying dreaming, students of cognitive science, and, of course, all other curious readers out there.

About Stephen LaBerge and Howard Rheingold

Stephen LaBergeStephen LaBerge is an author and founder of the Lucidity Institute, which works to deepen the insight into human consciousness. He studies lucid dreaming at Stanford University.

Howard RheingoldHoward Rheingold is an author and a researcher on the augmentation of the human mind.

“Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming Summary”

You probably know what lucid dreaming is, but just in case you do not, let’s define it.

Ludic dreaming is when you “wake up” within a dream and are conscious of the happenings inside the dream.

Those who have experienced lucid dreaming say that it has made their lives better.

Yes, it may seem strange, or out of your control, but it is not.

In fact, anyone can learn how to do it!

Before we teach you how, let’s first explore the dream world in general, and differentiate the dream state from the waking state.

When you are awake, you experience the world through your senses: taste, sound, touch, and sight.

In dreams, on the other hand, it is different. The information that your brain uses to create a dream comes from inside because while you are dreaming, external sensory knowledge is limited.

In other words, when dreaming your brain uses the same process of perception as when you are awake. What is different is that in a dream state there are no outside factors that limit your experiences.

Hence, dreams are made of information which is already in your mind.

Hence, the possibilities of what can happen in a dream are endless.

Key Lessons from “Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming”:

1.      How to Lucid Dream
2.      Types of Lucid Dreams
3.      Psychological Health and Lucid Dreaming

How to Lucid Dream

The first thing you need to do is to remember your dreams.

The best method to remember what you dream of, and understand it better, is keeping a dream journal. Place it beside your bed and write in it the moment you wake up. Do not wait, since you may forget details, or the dream overall.

After you are done with writing done, interpret your dream signs, or the things in your dream that tell you that you are dreaming.

Why are dream signs important?

Because lucidity happens when you notice an unusual event in your dream like flying.

Once you have spent enough time jotting down the dreams and identifying the dream signs, you are ready to explore techniques for inducing lucid dreaming.

Types of Lucid Dreams

Dream Initiated Lucid Dreams (DILDs)

In these kinds of dreams, you reach lucidity after you fall asleep and lose consciousness.

Wake Initiated Lucid Dreams (WILDs)

In WILDs, you become ludic while you keep your mind active while you are falling asleep, and hence do not lose consciousness.

You can make yourself experience WILDs by using hypnagogic imagery and narrowing your focus to your breath or your heartbeat.

The most widespread way is using hypnagogic imagery. It is what you see in your mind’s eye during the transition from being awake to falling asleep.

With it, your mind stays active and does not let you lose consciousness.

In “Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming” you will learn more in-depth about hypnagogic imagery and how you can use it to induce WILDs.

Psychological Health and Lucid Dreaming

As we already said, lucid dreaming is not just “fun,” but it can also do wonders for your waking life.


Well, many problems are rooted in repressed emotions or thoughts that you may subconsciously find too hard to cope with on a daily basis.

In the dream world, however, there are no barriers. Hence, lucid dreams can balance different parts of your personality and improve your wellbeing.

Another thing you can do is to use mental imagery to improve skills in your lucid dream.

Many studies show that mental imagery can improve performance. So, it does not matter where you work on your skills – whether, in reality, or your dreams, the important thing is that you do it, and your performance will skyrocket.

Last but not least, through lucid dreaming, you can develop your creativity and solve problems.

If there is a particular issue that troubles you in your waking life, you can approach it in lucid dreaming.

We have to note that using creativity in dreams is still a relatively young field of study, although some benefits have been already observed.

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“Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming” Quotes

The fact that both ego and self say - I is a source of confusion and misidentification. Click To Tweet The well-informed ego says truly, - I am what I know myself to be. - The self says merely, I am. Click To Tweet Dreams are a reservoir of knowledge and experience yet they are often overlooked as a vehicle for exploring reality. Click To Tweet In the dream state, our bodies are at rest, yet we see and hear, move about and are even able to learn. Click To Tweet When we make good use of the dream state, it is almost as if our lives were doubled. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming” is a highly instructive book with a fascinating concept that just about anyone would enjoy reading.

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Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad! Summary

Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad! SummaryHow to Get (Both of You) Through the Next 9 Months

Are you planning to be a father soon? Or is your partner already expecting?

If you can resonate with the above questions, then this is where you should be.

In the following summary of “Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad!” we will provide you with all information you need to have before that small creature that changes your life forever arrives.

Don’t sweat it! The right information makes everything at least a little bit easier.

So read on, and become the best dad-to-be there is.

Who Should Read “Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad!”? and Why?

Some people may feel shocked, and others may expect it. But no matter what kind of person you are, no man ever is wholly prepared for those life-changing words coming from his partner: I am pregnant.

We understand, having a baby is one of the most significant milestones in a human’s life, and it is natural to feel surprised, overwhelmed, and even frightened.

However, if you just put in the right amount of preparation, we promise that everything will be easier.

But, how do you prepare?

That is where “Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad!” comes into play. It is a perfect guide for all nervous dads-to-be, couples wanting to start a family or men that are in general curious about fatherhood.

About John Pfeiffer

John PfeifferJohn Pfeiffer is an author, financial advisor and a father of three.

“Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad! Summary”

If you are reading this summary and considering reading the book, then congratulations, you have conceived!

But, we have to warn you, even though you have done the (for many people) hard part, there is always a risk of miscarriage.

We do not say this to scare you, but to make you choose the day you announce the news wisely. It may be best to wait for the third month, so miscarriage is less likely to happen.

Holding the news for yourselves is one of the many ways to create a strong bond with your partner during her pregnancy.

Other opportunities show themselves when you schedule doctor visits or ultrasounds.

We get it, you may not be able to show up for every appointment, but we advise you to be there at the first, third and forth.


Because these are the times when the doctor will confirm the pregnancy, let you hear your child’s heartbeat, and let you see the baby for the very first time.

As the pregnancy progresses, and your partner faces physical challenges such as morning sickness, you will need to learn ways to be of help.

Finally, the body change that women experience is quite stressful for most of them.

So, make sure you shower her with love and show that you love the way her body is transforming. This will help her love it too.

Love each other, support each other, and communicate – and everything will be just fine.

Key Lessons from “Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad!”:

1.      The Second Trimester
2.      The Third Trimester
3.      After The Birth

The Second Trimester

If you successfully reached the fourth month, congratulations are in order!

Miscarriage is now less likely to happen, and you and your partner can start preparing for the baby to arrive.

However, what are the expectations you can have in the second trimester?

Well, make sure you are prepared for some heartburn and mood swings as the hormone levels of your partner start changing. You can also expect the beginning of false labor pains, so you need to start working together with your partner in differentiating between the fake and real pains.

Additionally, you will soon know (if you want to) the sex of your child!

So, regardless of whether you decide to know the sex or not, you may start coming up with names.

This is also the best time to get as much of the baby things ready as you can: hold a baby shower, and prepare the home for the baby’s arrival.

The Third Trimester

As you enter the third trimester, with the name picked and your home ready, you might wonder what next?

Well, it is the perfect time to understand the birthing process.

You may consider birthing classes, the different delivery scenarios, and refresh your first-aid knowledge.

You should also decide whether your partner will have a vaginal or cesarean birth.

Furthermore, if you want to save the placenta or the umbilical cord, now is the time to make the arrangements.

Aside from all of this, just enjoy your last months!

Those things that you have heard – that becoming a parent is life-changing are no lie. Your interests and priorities will never be the same again.

After The Birth

Congratulations! Your baby has arrived!

It is the beginning of your new life.

Now, let’s move on to some decision-making.

The question on the list is breastfeeding. Will your partner go natural or use formula? Just make sure you agree and are on the same page.

Now, since the birth just happened, and all the attention will be pointed to the baby and the mother for some time, you will have to carry a considerable burden for the next few months.

You know, studies show that even men suffer from postnatal depression.

Maybe it is the time to include the grandparents. First, they can be of great help, and second, it is just amazing to let them enter your kid’s life from its beginning.

However, if you decide to do that, get ready for all the advice they will give you. You do not have to accept all of it.

In fact, you should not accept all of it. Set boundaries early on. You are the one to decide how your kid is brought up.

Another thing to keep in mind is to put a visiting policy in place. We understand that everyone will want to see the newborn, but its immune system is fragile, so for at least a month, stay away from too many encounters.

Lastly, be prepared for sleep deprivation, which will be one of the greatest challenges during this time.

But don’t worry, you will handle it just like everything else: by communication, planning, and showing support.

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“Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad!” Quotes

One night a father overheard his son pray: “Dear God, Make me the kind of man my Daddy is.” Later that night, the father prayed, “Dear God, Make me the kind of man my son wants me to be. Click To Tweet I hate to stereotype, but it requires so much less thought. Click To Tweet As Dad-to-be, your primary job is to make sure Mom-to-be doesn’t see red during this stressful time of emotional and physical upheaval for her, and do your part to make the pregnancy as successful as possible. Click To Tweet There are approximately 3,712 ways for a man to look stupid during pregnancy, and I’m here to help you avoid (most of) them. Time is of essence and you need to prepare. Click To Tweet Man up, get some knowledge of your own, and the entire process will go more smoothly for everyone. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“Dude You’re Gonna Be a Dad!” is a book written by a dad of three for all men out there who are prepared to enter parenthood. It is a great read that covers the whole process: from conceiving, all the way to recovering after birth.

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The Opposable Mind Summary

The Opposable Mind Summary

How Successful Leaders Win Through Integrative Thinking

Have you ever wondered what is the deal with consultancy?

If you ever need an extra hand, or another mind to cope with the increased organizational issues, then perhaps you need a new thinking-head.

Who Should Read “The Opposable Mind”? And Why?

Sometimes you don’t have to think, and a revelation presents itself to you and forms a line of personalized gifts from the heavens. We’ve gone too much into fairytale scenarios, let’s return to the traditional habits.

The Opposable Mind” is an overwhelming force that will put an end to your causeless drifting, and push you to the very top. We recommended it to each and everyone.

About Roger Martin

Roger MartinRoger Martin currently holds a dean position at the University of Toronto – Rotman School of Management. Despite his writing efforts, his main way of sharing the expertise is through a professor role of strategic management and as an advisor.

“The Opposable Mind Summary”

“The aha-moment occurs after a “bolt of lightning” strikes your mind. The people on the edge often say – My dear God, how could I miss that or why didn’t I think of that, it’s so obvious! In either case, you missed your chance, despite your strong-minded personality.

What is your first reaction?

Even though the society has witnessed the biggest breakthrough in the economy, many fields are still struggling to produce valuable inputs. Let’s explore the factors and the nature of their arousal.

Each project or portfolio manager must be skilled in providing trade-offs between various elements. Many second-rate scholars and middle-class economists failed to cope with such liability. The fundamental law of success was excluded from many scientific analyzes, but experts of high-stature like Fitzgerald used their critical thinking skills, to create design alternatives for these requirements.

This ability – described as the stamp of authenticity is the authorized representative of “integrative thinking.” The creative aspect suffers from our limited capacity, thereby endangering the future of scientific discoveries.

Integrative thinking is not an inherited feature, in some circles is even fiercely opposed from ignorant thinking-heads. However, that doesn’t essential signifies defeat, on the contrary, it speaks on behalf of those who are ready to take full advantage of their untouched potential.

Such initiative can generate a bunch of outcomes, which by some standards are accepted or refused. Your main task is to catch on with the world’s greatest influencers and make the most out of your expertise.

A niche supervised by modern “rulers” tends to produce a new mentality which is on the verge of final victory. All these hypothetical sentences ultimately come down to a simple, straightforward and life-altering question –  How do you think?

Such a considerable force (question) moves against your self-imposed concepts and devises a new response to the ultimate inquiry. If you are like most people, you’ll probably nourish a cautionary attitude and opt for defensive resilience – which indicates your lack of courage to dedicate your mind to a higher purpose.

This argument is not a one-way street. In fact, the problem-solving always falls into the hands of leaders, who act calmly under pressure, and handle risks with mixing projects from various shapes and scopes. The conventional methods are not only prone to failure, but their even very existence insults the intelligence of real “linchpins”!

In truth, such mastery lays the foundation for building a stronghold, to defy the market’s variability. The all-encompassing cause-effect relationships provide glimpses to some interactive management.

Although many factors such as parental upbringing, social intelligence, and nation’s economy can destroy your hopes of success, the real culprit will always be placed in your head.

What now?

According to experts, a perfect match that acts as a representative of “The Opposable Mind” cherishes only a few core values. All of them are at anyone’s service 24/7, designed to avoid any potential threats, which concerns the very center of our existence.

Integrative thinkers are model-followers. Their essence is intertwined with the things that make an everyday person looking too inferior when it comes to comparison. Even though they don’t give second-thoughts on efforts for getting there, many regular models are neglected.

At first sight, people are not too convinced of the uniqueness of these techniques, which doesn’t essentially signifies that they are not worthy of your time. Instead, the approach is quite pragmatic, or sensitive regarding sharing the outlooks.

Don’t be surprised to come across a term described by scientists as fallibilism. A “word” not familiar to the broad public, which implies a new scientific point of view on various topics.

Key Lessons from “The Opposable Mind

1.      Abduction in the world of science expands beyond the traditional meaning
2.      Integrative thinking as an asset to prosperity
3.      The stronger wins

Abduction in the world of science expand beyond the traditional meaning

If you really want to hold on to your previously compiled mindset, you should at least give abduction a try. Let’s expand on this. Often addressed as “generative reasoning” scientists, and renowned experts utilize the pull from abduction to cope with the major data points.  

In general, a massive database will undoubtedly depend on statistical analysis and other electronic programs.

Integrative thinking as an asset to prosperity

Integrative thinking possibilities are self-made and can produce or pay huge dividends to all shareholders. However, the world turns a blind eye to these concepts and conspires to overthrow their power from the economic stage. In brief, an Illogical and stupid mentality.

The stronger wins

Don’t hesitate for a second, to make up your mind, because there’s no one stopping you now. Your fingerprint sensor verifies your audacity and ingenuity. When it comes to mental characteristics, the ability to stand firm, and toe to toe with stronger companies is all it takes to remain vigilant.

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“The Opposable Mind” Quotes

If you can define the problem differently than everybody else in the industry, you can generate alternatives that others aren’t thinking about. Click To Tweet The Chinese character for crisis, he pointed out to me, combines the characters for danger and opportunity. Click To Tweet It is impossible to begin to learn that which one thinks one already knows. Click To Tweet Fundamentally, the conventional thinker prefers to accept the world as it is. The integrative thinker welcomes the challenge of shaping the world for the better. Click To Tweet The Problem-Solving Power of Integrative Thinking The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposing ideas in mind at the same time and still retain the ability to function. One should, for example, be able to see… Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Our humble way of addressing Roger’s viewpoints is an illustration of the admiration we’ve shown in this book summary.

If you intend to lean towards success, then you need a new guide-force that can evaluate the impact of your actions.

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Thoughts & Feelings Summary

Thoughts & Feelings SummaryTaking Control of Your Moods & Your Life

To see beyond the shallow limitations of one’s mind was always considered the only life-mission.

The same passion is transformed into factual reality by the psychologists in recent history.

Who Should Read “Thoughts & Feelings”? And Why?

Thoughts & Feelings is a pretty straightforward, easy to digest, psychological thriller in a written form. Even if you don’t feel suffocated by your mind, you ought to investigate your thoughts.

Without slowing down, we go full steam ahead prescribe this amazing masterpiece mostly to people, who experience the early signs of depression.

About Matthew McKay, Martha Davis & Patrick Fanning

Matthew McKayMatthew McKay, Ph.D., is the author of several self-help books that focus on psychology. Currently, he teaches at a psychology school located in Berkeley.

Patrick FanningMartha Davis, Ph.D., shares the same eagerness as Matthew for studying the human mind.

Patrick Fanning is a passionate writer, who co-authored a few other self-help books.

“Thoughts & Feelings Summary”

Even though a journey of 1000 miles starts with the first step, most of the adventures begin in our heads. The real struggle occurs when someone’s mindset is targeted for modification. If you have the right set of skills, followed by creativity, then perhaps you earned your membership!  

First and foremost, what resources do you possess for such endeavors?

In order to burst that bubble, you must not shorten the time allocated to the management of resources. These assets are both tangible and fictional, often described as sensations in one’s mind.

Matthew McKay, Martha Davis, and Patrick Fanning thrive on opportunities and offer a comprehensive life-manual, on the effect of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Such “strong arm” is capable of taking the entire mental sickness single-handedly.

Are you always worried, do you feel like anxiety is taking over? Are you afraid all the time?

How about we take it from the top. How often do you explode or ignite when things don’t go the way you imagined? Are short-tempered? All of these signs are a clear indicator that you are a perfect candidate to test the CBT. In general, childhood is the backbone for occurrence or avoidance of such unpleasant issues.

Before we unveil the typical types of troubled mind, let’s go deep. Do you know that thoughts, emotions and other phenomena appear automatically, meaning that there is no thinker of thoughts as you assumed?!

You cannot escape the egoistic-consciousness, what you can do, is expand your horizons and eradicate the harmful ones. If you plan on to fight, you’ll be beaten by the brick wall of thoughts.

What is the first rule of battle? Put yourself in your enemy’s head, and get the big picture. The eight standards of limited thinking are just as good as any other element or cure. Understanding the nature of your disorder can give you the upper hand and the inner edge to come out victorious.

  1. Filtering” – The world is one big playground, in which we all play our part. The way you perceive it or interpret your surroundings is clarified through filtering. Your current state reflects your decision-making. A shift in focus is enough to overcome such overwhelming inner force.
  2. Polarized thinking” – Your mindset is practically at the mercy of contrast. It is either good or bad, black or white. Implement likelihood, or percentages to handle this.
  3. Overgeneralization” – A good example would be dating. If you had a bad time with a blonde-girl, deciding never to date blonds, is a good illustration of what this term refers to. Instead: go for the trouble itself, don’t be superstitious.
  4. Mind reading” – You secretly admire your ability to read other people’s minds – a self-endangering mentality that can produce nothing but rash conclusions. Take your time, don’t judge too quickly.
  5. Catastrophizing” – Drama-queen means, transforming every tiny problem into a total catastrophe. Your whining affects anyone near you – think about that. Instead: On second thought, you can adopt a logical attitude towards pressing matters.
  6. Magnifying” – Your mindset defines the magnitude of your troubles. Similar to the last one, don’t request a surgery for a small cut. Simple as that.  
  7. Personalization” – Competitiveness is a disease of the highest order. On the other hand, no one expects from you to be the underdog, but phrases such as: “He is not as good as me” or “I can take him anytime” are contributing to unhappiness.  
  8. Shoulds” – Inflexibility refers to setting some simple ground rules that are not formally applicable. These are more like reactions: “We should stay late,” “Don’t do that.” “He shouldn’t do that.” Instead, you should really reconsider your behavior and avoid “dos, don’ts, shoulds, and shouldn’ts”!

Key Lessons from “Thoughts & Feelings

1.      Worrying is a choice, not a temporary state
2.      Overcoming depression with a simple technique
3.      A new person through CBT

Worrying is a choice, not a temporary state

Most people are overthinking stuff; they criticize themselves more than they should. Such attitude causes emotional fatigue, insomnia, and nervousness. The power of breathing can free you from such mindset.

Inhale by watching the “movement” and then slowly exhale while being aware of what’s going on.

Overcoming depression with a simple technique

Depression is consistently hindering everyone’s personal growth. A large portion of the people has no idea how to stop these terrifying attacks.

One way to do it is to reorganize your schedule, set up some goals, and ultimately break them down into subcategories.

Spice up your life with some freshness.

A new person through CBT

Once you free yourself and escape the prison of thoughts, you can indeed become the master of your mind.  In general, cognition distortions are linked to all harmful sensations that cause a mental disorder. CBT is practically a cure that will relieve you from feeling guilt, aid you in panic attacks and other phobias.

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“Thoughts & Feelings” Quotes

And since the chief benefit of mindfulness comes when you refocus your mind on the here and now...mindfulness will continue to benefit you the rest of your life. Click To Tweet People who tell you to just stop worrying don’t realize how the human mind works. Click To Tweet When your body is completely relaxed, it’s impossible to feel fear or anxiety. Click To Tweet Core beliefs and rules are so fundamental to personality that few people are aware of them. Click To Tweet Thoughts cause feelings. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Emotional stress and disorder are not superficial diseases, only a team of experts can truly reach the root of the problem.

To make a long story short, this book, unlike any other, covers a niche that affects individuals from all cultures and statuses.

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John Maynard Keynes Summary

John Maynard Keynes Summary1883 – 1946: Economist, Philosopher, Statesman

Who was John Maynard Keynes and what is his place in our world’s history?

Our summary of “John Maynard Keynes” presents you the biography of one of the 20th century’s most important financial figures.

Who Should Read “John Maynard Keynes”? and Why?

This book is an abridgment of the three-volume biography of John Maynard Keynes, by author Robert Skidelsky. We must say, it is a magnificent work.

Skidelsky pains an image of Keynes not only as an economist, but as a statesman and philosopher as well. He does not separate one from the other, and shows them how they work together in creating his whole personality.

We believe that “John Maynard Keynes” is a great read for all readers interested in the events that marked the 20th century.

About Robert Skidelsky

Robert SkidelskyRobert Skidelsky is the author of a three-volume biography of Keynes, a critically acclaimed piece.

“John Maynard Keynes Summary”

John Maynard Keynes (1883) was the first born child of Florence Ada Brown and John Neville Keynes.

His father was an independent man who had transformed a brush-production firm into a prosperous manufacturing business and after that made a fortune in flowers. His mother was a daughter of a nonconformist academic clergyman, who met his father while he was lecturing and married him in 1882.

John Maynard had a younger brother and sister, but his parents favored him.

During his childhood, John Maynard partook in discussions with his dad’s knowledgeable acquaintances and showed a talent for mathematics and logic. Indeed, as time went by, he excelled in math and took an interest in sports as well, at which he neither exceeded expectations nor performed inauspiciously.

In 1902, he took the Cambridge Higher Certificate examination and, despite the fact that he had not prepared up for it, he ended up on top of the list of examinees.

Then, he went at Cambridge and became a member of the Cambridge Union, which was a debating society. He often spoke on politics, even as a freshman.

Amid his first year, he was welcome to join the Cambridge Conversazione Society, otherwise called the Apostles.

This was the most elite of Cambridge’s secret societies. The members were smart, unworldly, withdrawn, pompous, relatively incapable of casual chitchat, inconsistent and not charming at all.

Among them, Keynes’ dearest companion was Lytton Strachey, who had a developmental influence on him.

Keynes and Strachey saw their homosexuality as the establishment of a code of morals they called “higher sodomy.”

They thought ladies to be physically and rationally the second rate and saw their male countrymen as sexually and morally preferable.

Being a part of the Bloomsbury Circle’s intellectual and aesthetic avantgarde, Keynes had various relationships and some casual meetings with other men, in particular with painter Duncan Grant.

Be that as it may, in 1918 he met ballet dancer Lydia Lopokova.

The affair they had developed, and in 1923 he acquainted her with his parents and asked her to marry him.

Their marriage ended on Easter Sunday, April 21, 1946, when Keynes passed on with Lydia at his bedside.

Key Lessons from “John Maynard Keynes”

1.      Economics, Diplomacy, and Philosophy
2.      The 1920s
3.      Keynes’s influence

Economics, Diplomacy, and Philosophy

Keynes started lecturing on economics at Cambridge in 1911 and took a profound interest in the financial issues of the school.

In 1912, he made a contract to compose a book on Indian monetary affairs. Indian Currency and Finance, which he published in 1913.

In 1914, shortly before England entered into war with Germany, the Treasury looked for Keynes’ assistance settling a financial emergency.

Keynes scrutinized the administration’s lavish, tax-subsidized rescue of London firms.

He had argued that the institutions should be required to hold those debts for the length of the war, which was expected to be somewhat short.

This counsel was in opposition to his financial interest since he and his dad had investments whose value would have plummeted if the legislature had not taken care of the debts.

In 1915, Keynes was introduced as a Treasury official. Soon after, he took an interest in the first conference to sort out war credits among the Allies.

By chance, in 1916, Keynes asked for an exception from the military obligation on the grounds of conscientious protest.

Given that his Treasury posting exempted him, the question remains: for what reason did he do this?

Some think that he thought about leaving his post at the Treasury.

In any case, he soon got busy with attempting to save Britain from another financial crisis.

The 1920s

Amid the 1920s, Keynes filled in as a financial consultant, corporate executive, and journalist. He profited and for a period was a collector of fine art.

In 1921, he published his Treatise on Probability, talking about the significance of rational conduct under uncertain conditions.

In his 1923 book A Tract on Monetary Reform, Keynes compressed his contemplations about the “theory, practice and objects of monetary policy.”

In 1924 Keynes started the Treatise on Money.

He noticed that since banks made money, just the Bank of England could get even out investments and savings in the U.K.

In any case, the gold standard made it unthinkable for the bank to alter interest rates to match savings.

England endured enormous levels of unemployment. Keynes demonstrated how depression came about when expected profits were not as high as the market rate of interest.

He appeared to be prophetic after the 1929 Wall Street crash.

Keynes’s Influence

Keynes’s most significant work, The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money, started to develop a progression of lectures he gave in 1932.

By 1934, he was lecturing from the book’s proofs.

Keynes’ ensuing influence on monetary policy amid the ’30s and ’40s is relatively difficult to overstate. He was, apparently, vital in the plan of the postwar financial architecture laid out at Bretton Woods.

The fall of that architecture in the 1970s may even have been unsurprising when looking at the principles illustrated in some of Keynes’ initial writings on the gold standard.

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Our Critical Review

He sets Keynes in the context of his time and circumstances. Skidelsky is unsparing in his treatment of the inconsistencies and contradictions in Keynes’ life and character, but he is fair and balanced; he avoids sensationalism even in the treatment of the sensational.

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Case Interview Secrets Summary

Case Interview Secrets SummaryA Former McKinsey Interviewer Reveals How to Get Multiple Job Offers in Consulting

You always wanted to work as a consultant. And now you are invited for an interview. Or, you just went to an interview, and you failed badly.

Then, you are in the right place.

Our summary of “Case Interview Secrets” will give you the questions you can expect in job interviews at consultancies, and hence help you ace your interview, get the job.

So, scroll down and join us for the crash course on landing the job of your dreams.

Who Should Read “Case Interview Secrets”? and Why?

Once you have passed the seemingly hardest part of the job quest and have been asked to an interview at your preferred consultancy, it is time to consider how to become the candidate that they will employ.

Now, a job interview conducted at a consultancy most of the time is not just another job interview, where you will get a bunch of questions about your prior experiences.

Instead, you have to be prepared to answer both qualitative and quantitive questions.

In “Case Interview Secrets”, author Victor Cheng shows you how to ace the process by giving you an overview of the questions you might expect, and how to answer them.

We recommend this book to all readers who are preparing for a job interview and all of those who failed one and want to know what went wrong.

About Victor Cheng

Victor ChengVictor Cheng is a business book author, a public speaker, and a strategic planning consultant. He previously worked at the McKinsey & Company as a management consultant.

“Case Interview Secrets Summary”

Have you ever partook in a job interview at a major consulting firm?

If you have, you already know that it is not a mere conversation about your previous endeavors and qualifications. Instead, you will get a business case to solve.

The questions that you can expect in a case interview usually feature two types of quantitative questions.

First, you will get math questions that involve interpretation of data or arithmetic, percentage calculation.

Honestly, these questions can be daunting, but you need to try to answer them as quickly as possible. Do you know what you need to be able to do that?


Just like with everything else in life, practice is the key to mastery.

So, what can you do daily to improve your speed and confidence?

One thing you can do is practice using old interview questions. Of course, keep in mind that the questions are always changing, so practicing like this will only automate your reasoning and make you comfortable with such types of problems.

The second type of quantitative questions that you can expect to get is computational-level estimates.

What are these?

These questions present a problem in which you are given a few pieces of information, with which you will need to work to make estimates.

Answering these types of questions can be hard since you will have to work with large numbers in your head.

To make the task easier, either break up the numbers or round up the numbers.

In fact, in most cases, you will just need to come up with a rough estimate.

If you ever go to a case interview, you will probably be confused because of all the obscure estimations interviewers ask you to do.

However, you need to understand that the interviewer does what the clients will make you do if you become a consultant.

So, case interviews are simulations of your future job.

Key Lessons from “Case Interview Secrets”

1.      Determining a Product’s Market Size
2.      The Need for Interpersonal Skills
3.      General Business Questions

Determining a Product’s Market Size

First, you have to know that the purpose of such questions, if they ever come up, is to observe how you decide to approach them.

Knowing that you will know that coming up with the correct answer is not crucial.

So, the first thing you need to do is to find proxies or factors that can help you get to your answer.

But remember, once you have found proxies, identify and keep in mind their limits, because they are only a rough estimates to guide your predictions.

The Need for Interpersonal Skills

Interviewers do not ask for correct answers to their questions. Yes, they will appreciate your accurate predictions and developed analytical skills, but they will also look for excellent interpersonal skills.

If you become a consultant, you will continuously work with people, so you need to be calm and confident. So, if you are nervous and fidgety, you will most likely fail at getting the job, since the interviewer knows that a client will not trust recommendations that come from a nervous consultant.

General Business Questions

If you successfully answered the two types of quantitative questions, your interviewer might ask you some general business questions as well.

To handle such questions use frameworks.

  • The Profitability Framework will help you conduct a quantitative analysis, by breaking profit based on its components in revenue group and cost group.
  • The Business Situation Framework will help you analyze the client’s business, market, and industry, and determine such things as why the variable costs are so high. It does that by dissecting the business and revealing information of its subsegments: company, competition, customers, and products.

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“Case Interview Secrets” Quotes

If there isn’t any obvious segmentation pattern, avoid stating the segmentation pattern you want to see. Instead, phrase your question such that the interviewer tells you which segmentation pattern is the right one to use. Click To Tweet Just like a scientist devises an experiment to test a working theory about a disease, you need to determine how to test your client’s problem or challenge. Interviewers commonly call this step problem structuring. Click To Tweet A fixed cost doesn’t change as the number of units sold changes. Click To Tweet A variable cost changes, typically linearly, with the number of units sold. Click To Tweet When analyzing costs, it’s often useful to segment them into fixed versus variable costs. You can do this in two ways. One way is to disaggregate your cost per unit into fixed costs per unit and variable costs per unit. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“Case Interview Secrets” is an excellent book for beginners that would like to avoid the hurdles. More knowledgeable readers and seasoned campaigners may find many of the content familiar. However, the puzzles and problems that Cheng inserts in the book will make it enjoyable and fun for readers.

Overall, expect to get a good lecture on how to become more confident when going for job interviews in consultancy firms.

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