Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming Summary

Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming SummaryLucid dreaming is a compelling but mysterious subject.

You probably think that only some people (if any at all) can do it.

But, think again.

In the following summary, we tell you everything there is to know about this fascinating topic. We give you a step by step guide which you can use to learn different techniques to evoke lucidity in yourself.

Who Should Read “Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming”? and Why?

Do you dream often?

Of course, you do, you just don’t remember all of your dreams.

Usually, as we open our eyes in the morning, the first light chases the dreams away from our mind.

However, with some training, you can turn the world of dreams into an adventure.

Yes, you have heard right.

Authors of “Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming,” Stephen LaBerge and Howard Rheingold, argue that anyone can learn how to get into a lucid state.

However, they do not teach you that just because it is fun.

Instead, they believe that you can use lucid dreaming to improve your daily life.

We recommend “Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming” to people who suffer from fears and nightmares, psychologists studying dreaming, students of cognitive science, and, of course, all other curious readers out there.

About Stephen LaBerge and Howard Rheingold

Stephen LaBergeStephen LaBerge is an author and founder of the Lucidity Institute, which works to deepen the insight into human consciousness. He studies lucid dreaming at Stanford University.

Howard RheingoldHoward Rheingold is an author and a researcher on the augmentation of the human mind.

“Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming Summary”

You probably know what lucid dreaming is, but just in case you do not, let’s define it.

Ludic dreaming is when you “wake up” within a dream and are conscious of the happenings inside the dream.

Those who have experienced lucid dreaming say that it has made their lives better.

Yes, it may seem strange, or out of your control, but it is not.

In fact, anyone can learn how to do it!

Before we teach you how, let’s first explore the dream world in general, and differentiate the dream state from the waking state.

When you are awake, you experience the world through your senses: taste, sound, touch, and sight.

In dreams, on the other hand, it is different. The information that your brain uses to create a dream comes from inside because while you are dreaming, external sensory knowledge is limited.

In other words, when dreaming your brain uses the same process of perception as when you are awake. What is different is that in a dream state there are no outside factors that limit your experiences.

Hence, dreams are made of information which is already in your mind.

Hence, the possibilities of what can happen in a dream are endless.

Key Lessons from “Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming”:

1.      How to Lucid Dream
2.      Types of Lucid Dreams
3.      Psychological Health and Lucid Dreaming

How to Lucid Dream

The first thing you need to do is to remember your dreams.

The best method to remember what you dream of, and understand it better, is keeping a dream journal. Place it beside your bed and write in it the moment you wake up. Do not wait, since you may forget details, or the dream overall.

After you are done with writing done, interpret your dream signs, or the things in your dream that tell you that you are dreaming.

Why are dream signs important?

Because lucidity happens when you notice an unusual event in your dream like flying.

Once you have spent enough time jotting down the dreams and identifying the dream signs, you are ready to explore techniques for inducing lucid dreaming.

Types of Lucid Dreams

Dream Initiated Lucid Dreams (DILDs)

In these kinds of dreams, you reach lucidity after you fall asleep and lose consciousness.

Wake Initiated Lucid Dreams (WILDs)

In WILDs, you become ludic while you keep your mind active while you are falling asleep, and hence do not lose consciousness.

You can make yourself experience WILDs by using hypnagogic imagery and narrowing your focus to your breath or your heartbeat.

The most widespread way is using hypnagogic imagery. It is what you see in your mind’s eye during the transition from being awake to falling asleep.

With it, your mind stays active and does not let you lose consciousness.

In “Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming” you will learn more in-depth about hypnagogic imagery and how you can use it to induce WILDs.

Psychological Health and Lucid Dreaming

As we already said, lucid dreaming is not just “fun,” but it can also do wonders for your waking life.

How?

Well, many problems are rooted in repressed emotions or thoughts that you may subconsciously find too hard to cope with on a daily basis.

In the dream world, however, there are no barriers. Hence, lucid dreams can balance different parts of your personality and improve your wellbeing.

Another thing you can do is to use mental imagery to improve skills in your lucid dream.

Many studies show that mental imagery can improve performance. So, it does not matter where you work on your skills – whether, in reality, or your dreams, the important thing is that you do it, and your performance will skyrocket.

Last but not least, through lucid dreaming, you can develop your creativity and solve problems.

If there is a particular issue that troubles you in your waking life, you can approach it in lucid dreaming.

We have to note that using creativity in dreams is still a relatively young field of study, although some benefits have been already observed.

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“Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming” Quotes

The fact that both ego and self say - I is a source of confusion and misidentification. Click To Tweet The well-informed ego says truly, - I am what I know myself to be. - The self says merely, I am. Click To Tweet Dreams are a reservoir of knowledge and experience yet they are often overlooked as a vehicle for exploring reality. Click To Tweet In the dream state, our bodies are at rest, yet we see and hear, move about and are even able to learn. Click To Tweet When we make good use of the dream state, it is almost as if our lives were doubled. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming” is a highly instructive book with a fascinating concept that just about anyone would enjoy reading.

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Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad! Summary

Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad! SummaryHow to Get (Both of You) Through the Next 9 Months

Are you planning to be a father soon? Or is your partner already expecting?

If you can resonate with the above questions, then this is where you should be.

In the following summary of “Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad!” we will provide you with all information you need to have before that small creature that changes your life forever arrives.

Don’t sweat it! The right information makes everything at least a little bit easier.

So read on, and become the best dad-to-be there is.

Who Should Read “Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad!”? and Why?

Some people may feel shocked, and others may expect it. But no matter what kind of person you are, no man ever is wholly prepared for those life-changing words coming from his partner: I am pregnant.

We understand, having a baby is one of the most significant milestones in a human’s life, and it is natural to feel surprised, overwhelmed, and even frightened.

However, if you just put in the right amount of preparation, we promise that everything will be easier.

But, how do you prepare?

That is where “Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad!” comes into play. It is a perfect guide for all nervous dads-to-be, couples wanting to start a family or men that are in general curious about fatherhood.

About John Pfeiffer

John PfeifferJohn Pfeiffer is an author, financial advisor and a father of three.

“Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad! Summary”

If you are reading this summary and considering reading the book, then congratulations, you have conceived!

But, we have to warn you, even though you have done the (for many people) hard part, there is always a risk of miscarriage.

We do not say this to scare you, but to make you choose the day you announce the news wisely. It may be best to wait for the third month, so miscarriage is less likely to happen.

Holding the news for yourselves is one of the many ways to create a strong bond with your partner during her pregnancy.

Other opportunities show themselves when you schedule doctor visits or ultrasounds.

We get it, you may not be able to show up for every appointment, but we advise you to be there at the first, third and forth.

Why?

Because these are the times when the doctor will confirm the pregnancy, let you hear your child’s heartbeat, and let you see the baby for the very first time.

As the pregnancy progresses, and your partner faces physical challenges such as morning sickness, you will need to learn ways to be of help.

Finally, the body change that women experience is quite stressful for most of them.

So, make sure you shower her with love and show that you love the way her body is transforming. This will help her love it too.

Love each other, support each other, and communicate – and everything will be just fine.

Key Lessons from “Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad!”:

1.      The Second Trimester
2.      The Third Trimester
3.      After The Birth

The Second Trimester

If you successfully reached the fourth month, congratulations are in order!

Miscarriage is now less likely to happen, and you and your partner can start preparing for the baby to arrive.

However, what are the expectations you can have in the second trimester?

Well, make sure you are prepared for some heartburn and mood swings as the hormone levels of your partner start changing. You can also expect the beginning of false labor pains, so you need to start working together with your partner in differentiating between the fake and real pains.

Additionally, you will soon know (if you want to) the sex of your child!

So, regardless of whether you decide to know the sex or not, you may start coming up with names.

This is also the best time to get as much of the baby things ready as you can: hold a baby shower, and prepare the home for the baby’s arrival.

The Third Trimester

As you enter the third trimester, with the name picked and your home ready, you might wonder what next?

Well, it is the perfect time to understand the birthing process.

You may consider birthing classes, the different delivery scenarios, and refresh your first-aid knowledge.

You should also decide whether your partner will have a vaginal or cesarean birth.

Furthermore, if you want to save the placenta or the umbilical cord, now is the time to make the arrangements.

Aside from all of this, just enjoy your last months!

Those things that you have heard – that becoming a parent is life-changing are no lie. Your interests and priorities will never be the same again.

After The Birth

Congratulations! Your baby has arrived!

It is the beginning of your new life.

Now, let’s move on to some decision-making.

The question on the list is breastfeeding. Will your partner go natural or use formula? Just make sure you agree and are on the same page.

Now, since the birth just happened, and all the attention will be pointed to the baby and the mother for some time, you will have to carry a considerable burden for the next few months.

You know, studies show that even men suffer from postnatal depression.

Maybe it is the time to include the grandparents. First, they can be of great help, and second, it is just amazing to let them enter your kid’s life from its beginning.

However, if you decide to do that, get ready for all the advice they will give you. You do not have to accept all of it.

In fact, you should not accept all of it. Set boundaries early on. You are the one to decide how your kid is brought up.

Another thing to keep in mind is to put a visiting policy in place. We understand that everyone will want to see the newborn, but its immune system is fragile, so for at least a month, stay away from too many encounters.

Lastly, be prepared for sleep deprivation, which will be one of the greatest challenges during this time.

But don’t worry, you will handle it just like everything else: by communication, planning, and showing support.

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“Dude, You’re Gonna Be a Dad!” Quotes

One night a father overheard his son pray: “Dear God, Make me the kind of man my Daddy is.” Later that night, the father prayed, “Dear God, Make me the kind of man my son wants me to be. Click To Tweet I hate to stereotype, but it requires so much less thought. Click To Tweet As Dad-to-be, your primary job is to make sure Mom-to-be doesn’t see red during this stressful time of emotional and physical upheaval for her, and do your part to make the pregnancy as successful as possible. Click To Tweet There are approximately 3,712 ways for a man to look stupid during pregnancy, and I’m here to help you avoid (most of) them. Time is of essence and you need to prepare. Click To Tweet Man up, get some knowledge of your own, and the entire process will go more smoothly for everyone. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“Dude You’re Gonna Be a Dad!” is a book written by a dad of three for all men out there who are prepared to enter parenthood. It is a great read that covers the whole process: from conceiving, all the way to recovering after birth.

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The Opposable Mind Summary

The Opposable Mind Summary

How Successful Leaders Win Through Integrative Thinking

Have you ever wondered what is the deal with consultancy?

If you ever need an extra hand, or another mind to cope with the increased organizational issues, then perhaps you need a new thinking-head.

Who Should Read “The Opposable Mind”? And Why?

Sometimes you don’t have to think, and a revelation presents itself to you and forms a line of personalized gifts from the heavens. We’ve gone too much into fairytale scenarios, let’s return to the traditional habits.

The Opposable Mind” is an overwhelming force that will put an end to your causeless drifting, and push you to the very top. We recommended it to each and everyone.

About Roger Martin

Roger MartinRoger Martin currently holds a dean position at the University of Toronto – Rotman School of Management. Despite his writing efforts, his main way of sharing the expertise is through a professor role of strategic management and as an advisor.

“The Opposable Mind Summary”

“The aha-moment occurs after a “bolt of lightning” strikes your mind. The people on the edge often say – My dear God, how could I miss that or why didn’t I think of that, it’s so obvious! In either case, you missed your chance, despite your strong-minded personality.

What is your first reaction?

Even though the society has witnessed the biggest breakthrough in the economy, many fields are still struggling to produce valuable inputs. Let’s explore the factors and the nature of their arousal.

Each project or portfolio manager must be skilled in providing trade-offs between various elements. Many second-rate scholars and middle-class economists failed to cope with such liability. The fundamental law of success was excluded from many scientific analyzes, but experts of high-stature like Fitzgerald used their critical thinking skills, to create design alternatives for these requirements.

This ability – described as the stamp of authenticity is the authorized representative of “integrative thinking.” The creative aspect suffers from our limited capacity, thereby endangering the future of scientific discoveries.

Integrative thinking is not an inherited feature, in some circles is even fiercely opposed from ignorant thinking-heads. However, that doesn’t essential signifies defeat, on the contrary, it speaks on behalf of those who are ready to take full advantage of their untouched potential.

Such initiative can generate a bunch of outcomes, which by some standards are accepted or refused. Your main task is to catch on with the world’s greatest influencers and make the most out of your expertise.

A niche supervised by modern “rulers” tends to produce a new mentality which is on the verge of final victory. All these hypothetical sentences ultimately come down to a simple, straightforward and life-altering question –  How do you think?

Such a considerable force (question) moves against your self-imposed concepts and devises a new response to the ultimate inquiry. If you are like most people, you’ll probably nourish a cautionary attitude and opt for defensive resilience – which indicates your lack of courage to dedicate your mind to a higher purpose.

This argument is not a one-way street. In fact, the problem-solving always falls into the hands of leaders, who act calmly under pressure, and handle risks with mixing projects from various shapes and scopes. The conventional methods are not only prone to failure, but their even very existence insults the intelligence of real “linchpins”!

In truth, such mastery lays the foundation for building a stronghold, to defy the market’s variability. The all-encompassing cause-effect relationships provide glimpses to some interactive management.

Although many factors such as parental upbringing, social intelligence, and nation’s economy can destroy your hopes of success, the real culprit will always be placed in your head.

What now?

According to experts, a perfect match that acts as a representative of “The Opposable Mind” cherishes only a few core values. All of them are at anyone’s service 24/7, designed to avoid any potential threats, which concerns the very center of our existence.

Integrative thinkers are model-followers. Their essence is intertwined with the things that make an everyday person looking too inferior when it comes to comparison. Even though they don’t give second-thoughts on efforts for getting there, many regular models are neglected.

At first sight, people are not too convinced of the uniqueness of these techniques, which doesn’t essentially signifies that they are not worthy of your time. Instead, the approach is quite pragmatic, or sensitive regarding sharing the outlooks.

Don’t be surprised to come across a term described by scientists as fallibilism. A “word” not familiar to the broad public, which implies a new scientific point of view on various topics.

Key Lessons from “The Opposable Mind

1.      Abduction in the world of science expands beyond the traditional meaning
2.      Integrative thinking as an asset to prosperity
3.      The stronger wins

Abduction in the world of science expand beyond the traditional meaning

If you really want to hold on to your previously compiled mindset, you should at least give abduction a try. Let’s expand on this. Often addressed as “generative reasoning” scientists, and renowned experts utilize the pull from abduction to cope with the major data points.  

In general, a massive database will undoubtedly depend on statistical analysis and other electronic programs.

Integrative thinking as an asset to prosperity

Integrative thinking possibilities are self-made and can produce or pay huge dividends to all shareholders. However, the world turns a blind eye to these concepts and conspires to overthrow their power from the economic stage. In brief, an Illogical and stupid mentality.

The stronger wins

Don’t hesitate for a second, to make up your mind, because there’s no one stopping you now. Your fingerprint sensor verifies your audacity and ingenuity. When it comes to mental characteristics, the ability to stand firm, and toe to toe with stronger companies is all it takes to remain vigilant.

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“The Opposable Mind” Quotes

If you can define the problem differently than everybody else in the industry, you can generate alternatives that others aren’t thinking about. Click To Tweet The Chinese character for crisis, he pointed out to me, combines the characters for danger and opportunity. Click To Tweet It is impossible to begin to learn that which one thinks one already knows. Click To Tweet Fundamentally, the conventional thinker prefers to accept the world as it is. The integrative thinker welcomes the challenge of shaping the world for the better. Click To Tweet The Problem-Solving Power of Integrative Thinking The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposing ideas in mind at the same time and still retain the ability to function. One should, for example, be able to see… Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Our humble way of addressing Roger’s viewpoints is an illustration of the admiration we’ve shown in this book summary.

If you intend to lean towards success, then you need a new guide-force that can evaluate the impact of your actions.

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Thoughts & Feelings Summary

Thoughts & Feelings SummaryTaking Control of Your Moods & Your Life

To see beyond the shallow limitations of one’s mind was always considered the only life-mission.

The same passion is transformed into factual reality by the psychologists in recent history.

Who Should Read “Thoughts & Feelings”? And Why?

Thoughts & Feelings is a pretty straightforward, easy to digest, psychological thriller in a written form. Even if you don’t feel suffocated by your mind, you ought to investigate your thoughts.

Without slowing down, we go full steam ahead prescribe this amazing masterpiece mostly to people, who experience the early signs of depression.

About Matthew McKay, Martha Davis & Patrick Fanning

Matthew McKayMatthew McKay, Ph.D., is the author of several self-help books that focus on psychology. Currently, he teaches at a psychology school located in Berkeley.

Patrick FanningMartha Davis, Ph.D., shares the same eagerness as Matthew for studying the human mind.

Patrick Fanning is a passionate writer, who co-authored a few other self-help books.

“Thoughts & Feelings Summary”

Even though a journey of 1000 miles starts with the first step, most of the adventures begin in our heads. The real struggle occurs when someone’s mindset is targeted for modification. If you have the right set of skills, followed by creativity, then perhaps you earned your membership!  

First and foremost, what resources do you possess for such endeavors?

In order to burst that bubble, you must not shorten the time allocated to the management of resources. These assets are both tangible and fictional, often described as sensations in one’s mind.

Matthew McKay, Martha Davis, and Patrick Fanning thrive on opportunities and offer a comprehensive life-manual, on the effect of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Such “strong arm” is capable of taking the entire mental sickness single-handedly.

Are you always worried, do you feel like anxiety is taking over? Are you afraid all the time?

How about we take it from the top. How often do you explode or ignite when things don’t go the way you imagined? Are short-tempered? All of these signs are a clear indicator that you are a perfect candidate to test the CBT. In general, childhood is the backbone for occurrence or avoidance of such unpleasant issues.

Before we unveil the typical types of troubled mind, let’s go deep. Do you know that thoughts, emotions and other phenomena appear automatically, meaning that there is no thinker of thoughts as you assumed?!

You cannot escape the egoistic-consciousness, what you can do, is expand your horizons and eradicate the harmful ones. If you plan on to fight, you’ll be beaten by the brick wall of thoughts.

What is the first rule of battle? Put yourself in your enemy’s head, and get the big picture. The eight standards of limited thinking are just as good as any other element or cure. Understanding the nature of your disorder can give you the upper hand and the inner edge to come out victorious.

  1. Filtering” – The world is one big playground, in which we all play our part. The way you perceive it or interpret your surroundings is clarified through filtering. Your current state reflects your decision-making. A shift in focus is enough to overcome such overwhelming inner force.
  2. Polarized thinking” – Your mindset is practically at the mercy of contrast. It is either good or bad, black or white. Implement likelihood, or percentages to handle this.
  3. Overgeneralization” – A good example would be dating. If you had a bad time with a blonde-girl, deciding never to date blonds, is a good illustration of what this term refers to. Instead: go for the trouble itself, don’t be superstitious.
  4. Mind reading” – You secretly admire your ability to read other people’s minds – a self-endangering mentality that can produce nothing but rash conclusions. Take your time, don’t judge too quickly.
  5. Catastrophizing” – Drama-queen means, transforming every tiny problem into a total catastrophe. Your whining affects anyone near you – think about that. Instead: On second thought, you can adopt a logical attitude towards pressing matters.
  6. Magnifying” – Your mindset defines the magnitude of your troubles. Similar to the last one, don’t request a surgery for a small cut. Simple as that.  
  7. Personalization” – Competitiveness is a disease of the highest order. On the other hand, no one expects from you to be the underdog, but phrases such as: “He is not as good as me” or “I can take him anytime” are contributing to unhappiness.  
  8. Shoulds” – Inflexibility refers to setting some simple ground rules that are not formally applicable. These are more like reactions: “We should stay late,” “Don’t do that.” “He shouldn’t do that.” Instead, you should really reconsider your behavior and avoid “dos, don’ts, shoulds, and shouldn’ts”!

Key Lessons from “Thoughts & Feelings

1.      Worrying is a choice, not a temporary state
2.      Overcoming depression with a simple technique
3.      A new person through CBT

Worrying is a choice, not a temporary state

Most people are overthinking stuff; they criticize themselves more than they should. Such attitude causes emotional fatigue, insomnia, and nervousness. The power of breathing can free you from such mindset.

Inhale by watching the “movement” and then slowly exhale while being aware of what’s going on.

Overcoming depression with a simple technique

Depression is consistently hindering everyone’s personal growth. A large portion of the people has no idea how to stop these terrifying attacks.

One way to do it is to reorganize your schedule, set up some goals, and ultimately break them down into subcategories.

Spice up your life with some freshness.

A new person through CBT

Once you free yourself and escape the prison of thoughts, you can indeed become the master of your mind.  In general, cognition distortions are linked to all harmful sensations that cause a mental disorder. CBT is practically a cure that will relieve you from feeling guilt, aid you in panic attacks and other phobias.

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“Thoughts & Feelings” Quotes

And since the chief benefit of mindfulness comes when you refocus your mind on the here and now...mindfulness will continue to benefit you the rest of your life. Click To Tweet People who tell you to just stop worrying don’t realize how the human mind works. Click To Tweet When your body is completely relaxed, it’s impossible to feel fear or anxiety. Click To Tweet Core beliefs and rules are so fundamental to personality that few people are aware of them. Click To Tweet Thoughts cause feelings. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Emotional stress and disorder are not superficial diseases, only a team of experts can truly reach the root of the problem.

To make a long story short, this book, unlike any other, covers a niche that affects individuals from all cultures and statuses.

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John Maynard Keynes Summary

John Maynard Keynes Summary1883 – 1946: Economist, Philosopher, Statesman

Who was John Maynard Keynes and what is his place in our world’s history?

Our summary of “John Maynard Keynes” presents you the biography of one of the 20th century’s most important financial figures.

Who Should Read “John Maynard Keynes”? and Why?

This book is an abridgment of the three-volume biography of John Maynard Keynes, by author Robert Skidelsky. We must say, it is a magnificent work.

Skidelsky pains an image of Keynes not only as an economist, but as a statesman and philosopher as well. He does not separate one from the other, and shows them how they work together in creating his whole personality.

We believe that “John Maynard Keynes” is a great read for all readers interested in the events that marked the 20th century.

About Robert Skidelsky

Robert SkidelskyRobert Skidelsky is the author of a three-volume biography of Keynes, a critically acclaimed piece.

“John Maynard Keynes Summary”

John Maynard Keynes (1883) was the first born child of Florence Ada Brown and John Neville Keynes.

His father was an independent man who had transformed a brush-production firm into a prosperous manufacturing business and after that made a fortune in flowers. His mother was a daughter of a nonconformist academic clergyman, who met his father while he was lecturing and married him in 1882.

John Maynard had a younger brother and sister, but his parents favored him.

During his childhood, John Maynard partook in discussions with his dad’s knowledgeable acquaintances and showed a talent for mathematics and logic. Indeed, as time went by, he excelled in math and took an interest in sports as well, at which he neither exceeded expectations nor performed inauspiciously.

In 1902, he took the Cambridge Higher Certificate examination and, despite the fact that he had not prepared up for it, he ended up on top of the list of examinees.

Then, he went at Cambridge and became a member of the Cambridge Union, which was a debating society. He often spoke on politics, even as a freshman.

Amid his first year, he was welcome to join the Cambridge Conversazione Society, otherwise called the Apostles.

This was the most elite of Cambridge’s secret societies. The members were smart, unworldly, withdrawn, pompous, relatively incapable of casual chitchat, inconsistent and not charming at all.

Among them, Keynes’ dearest companion was Lytton Strachey, who had a developmental influence on him.

Keynes and Strachey saw their homosexuality as the establishment of a code of morals they called “higher sodomy.”

They thought ladies to be physically and rationally the second rate and saw their male countrymen as sexually and morally preferable.

Being a part of the Bloomsbury Circle’s intellectual and aesthetic avantgarde, Keynes had various relationships and some casual meetings with other men, in particular with painter Duncan Grant.

Be that as it may, in 1918 he met ballet dancer Lydia Lopokova.

The affair they had developed, and in 1923 he acquainted her with his parents and asked her to marry him.

Their marriage ended on Easter Sunday, April 21, 1946, when Keynes passed on with Lydia at his bedside.

Key Lessons from “John Maynard Keynes”

1.      Economics, Diplomacy, and Philosophy
2.      The 1920s
3.      Keynes’s influence

Economics, Diplomacy, and Philosophy

Keynes started lecturing on economics at Cambridge in 1911 and took a profound interest in the financial issues of the school.

In 1912, he made a contract to compose a book on Indian monetary affairs. Indian Currency and Finance, which he published in 1913.

In 1914, shortly before England entered into war with Germany, the Treasury looked for Keynes’ assistance settling a financial emergency.

Keynes scrutinized the administration’s lavish, tax-subsidized rescue of London firms.

He had argued that the institutions should be required to hold those debts for the length of the war, which was expected to be somewhat short.

This counsel was in opposition to his financial interest since he and his dad had investments whose value would have plummeted if the legislature had not taken care of the debts.

In 1915, Keynes was introduced as a Treasury official. Soon after, he took an interest in the first conference to sort out war credits among the Allies.

By chance, in 1916, Keynes asked for an exception from the military obligation on the grounds of conscientious protest.

Given that his Treasury posting exempted him, the question remains: for what reason did he do this?

Some think that he thought about leaving his post at the Treasury.

In any case, he soon got busy with attempting to save Britain from another financial crisis.

The 1920s

Amid the 1920s, Keynes filled in as a financial consultant, corporate executive, and journalist. He profited and for a period was a collector of fine art.

In 1921, he published his Treatise on Probability, talking about the significance of rational conduct under uncertain conditions.

In his 1923 book A Tract on Monetary Reform, Keynes compressed his contemplations about the “theory, practice and objects of monetary policy.”

In 1924 Keynes started the Treatise on Money.

He noticed that since banks made money, just the Bank of England could get even out investments and savings in the U.K.

In any case, the gold standard made it unthinkable for the bank to alter interest rates to match savings.

England endured enormous levels of unemployment. Keynes demonstrated how depression came about when expected profits were not as high as the market rate of interest.

He appeared to be prophetic after the 1929 Wall Street crash.

Keynes’s Influence

Keynes’s most significant work, The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money, started to develop a progression of lectures he gave in 1932.

By 1934, he was lecturing from the book’s proofs.

Keynes’ ensuing influence on monetary policy amid the ’30s and ’40s is relatively difficult to overstate. He was, apparently, vital in the plan of the postwar financial architecture laid out at Bretton Woods.

The fall of that architecture in the 1970s may even have been unsurprising when looking at the principles illustrated in some of Keynes’ initial writings on the gold standard.

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Our Critical Review

He sets Keynes in the context of his time and circumstances. Skidelsky is unsparing in his treatment of the inconsistencies and contradictions in Keynes’ life and character, but he is fair and balanced; he avoids sensationalism even in the treatment of the sensational.

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Case Interview Secrets Summary

Case Interview Secrets SummaryA Former McKinsey Interviewer Reveals How to Get Multiple Job Offers in Consulting

You always wanted to work as a consultant. And now you are invited for an interview. Or, you just went to an interview, and you failed badly.

Then, you are in the right place.

Our summary of “Case Interview Secrets” will give you the questions you can expect in job interviews at consultancies, and hence help you ace your interview, get the job.

So, scroll down and join us for the crash course on landing the job of your dreams.

Who Should Read “Case Interview Secrets”? and Why?

Once you have passed the seemingly hardest part of the job quest and have been asked to an interview at your preferred consultancy, it is time to consider how to become the candidate that they will employ.

Now, a job interview conducted at a consultancy most of the time is not just another job interview, where you will get a bunch of questions about your prior experiences.

Instead, you have to be prepared to answer both qualitative and quantitive questions.

In “Case Interview Secrets”, author Victor Cheng shows you how to ace the process by giving you an overview of the questions you might expect, and how to answer them.

We recommend this book to all readers who are preparing for a job interview and all of those who failed one and want to know what went wrong.

About Victor Cheng

Victor ChengVictor Cheng is a business book author, a public speaker, and a strategic planning consultant. He previously worked at the McKinsey & Company as a management consultant.

“Case Interview Secrets Summary”

Have you ever partook in a job interview at a major consulting firm?

If you have, you already know that it is not a mere conversation about your previous endeavors and qualifications. Instead, you will get a business case to solve.

The questions that you can expect in a case interview usually feature two types of quantitative questions.

First, you will get math questions that involve interpretation of data or arithmetic, percentage calculation.

Honestly, these questions can be daunting, but you need to try to answer them as quickly as possible. Do you know what you need to be able to do that?

Practice.

Just like with everything else in life, practice is the key to mastery.

So, what can you do daily to improve your speed and confidence?

One thing you can do is practice using old interview questions. Of course, keep in mind that the questions are always changing, so practicing like this will only automate your reasoning and make you comfortable with such types of problems.

The second type of quantitative questions that you can expect to get is computational-level estimates.

What are these?

These questions present a problem in which you are given a few pieces of information, with which you will need to work to make estimates.

Answering these types of questions can be hard since you will have to work with large numbers in your head.

To make the task easier, either break up the numbers or round up the numbers.

In fact, in most cases, you will just need to come up with a rough estimate.

If you ever go to a case interview, you will probably be confused because of all the obscure estimations interviewers ask you to do.

However, you need to understand that the interviewer does what the clients will make you do if you become a consultant.

So, case interviews are simulations of your future job.

Key Lessons from “Case Interview Secrets”

1.      Determining a Product’s Market Size
2.      The Need for Interpersonal Skills
3.      General Business Questions

Determining a Product’s Market Size

First, you have to know that the purpose of such questions, if they ever come up, is to observe how you decide to approach them.

Knowing that you will know that coming up with the correct answer is not crucial.

So, the first thing you need to do is to find proxies or factors that can help you get to your answer.

But remember, once you have found proxies, identify and keep in mind their limits, because they are only a rough estimates to guide your predictions.

The Need for Interpersonal Skills

Interviewers do not ask for correct answers to their questions. Yes, they will appreciate your accurate predictions and developed analytical skills, but they will also look for excellent interpersonal skills.

If you become a consultant, you will continuously work with people, so you need to be calm and confident. So, if you are nervous and fidgety, you will most likely fail at getting the job, since the interviewer knows that a client will not trust recommendations that come from a nervous consultant.

General Business Questions

If you successfully answered the two types of quantitative questions, your interviewer might ask you some general business questions as well.

To handle such questions use frameworks.

  • The Profitability Framework will help you conduct a quantitative analysis, by breaking profit based on its components in revenue group and cost group.
  • The Business Situation Framework will help you analyze the client’s business, market, and industry, and determine such things as why the variable costs are so high. It does that by dissecting the business and revealing information of its subsegments: company, competition, customers, and products.

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“Case Interview Secrets” Quotes

If there isn’t any obvious segmentation pattern, avoid stating the segmentation pattern you want to see. Instead, phrase your question such that the interviewer tells you which segmentation pattern is the right one to use. Click To Tweet Just like a scientist devises an experiment to test a working theory about a disease, you need to determine how to test your client’s problem or challenge. Interviewers commonly call this step problem structuring. Click To Tweet A fixed cost doesn’t change as the number of units sold changes. Click To Tweet A variable cost changes, typically linearly, with the number of units sold. Click To Tweet When analyzing costs, it’s often useful to segment them into fixed versus variable costs. You can do this in two ways. One way is to disaggregate your cost per unit into fixed costs per unit and variable costs per unit. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“Case Interview Secrets” is an excellent book for beginners that would like to avoid the hurdles. More knowledgeable readers and seasoned campaigners may find many of the content familiar. However, the puzzles and problems that Cheng inserts in the book will make it enjoyable and fun for readers.

Overall, expect to get a good lecture on how to become more confident when going for job interviews in consultancy firms.

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The Rise of Superman Summary

The Rise of Superman SummaryDecoding the Science of Ultimate Human Performance

Do you wonder how some people, like the extreme athletes, do things that most humans would consider impossible?

That is exactly what we talk about in our summary of Steven Kotler’s “The Rise of Superman.” Moreover, by using the presentation of their experience, you will learn how to get into “flow” and top your performance.

Who Should Read “The Rise of Superman”? and Why?

“The Rise of Superman” is a thrilling book that presents some superhuman achievements, agonizing tragedy and impossible triumphs.

Steven Kotler enters the world of extreme sports and does so by using adventure-novel style. You will feel thrilled and excited as you go through the pages, that will ultimately teach you how to achieve better performance at your job.

We recommend this read to ambitious readers, those interested in adventures and cognitive science.

About Steven Kotler

Steven KotlerSteven Kotler is a best selling author and a co-founder and director of research for the Flow Genome Project.  

“The Rise of Superman Summary”

In the world of extreme sports, athletes need to enter their flow state. Otherwise, they would face grave dangers.

These athletes are the ones that push the known limits of human performance.

Why are we talking about sports?

Well, extreme sports give us insight into the flow, which is absolute concentration and the ability to make correct decisions and execute them in a split second.

The good news is that not only athletes can experience flow, but you can too!

By experiencing it, you will enjoy higher performance and productivity levels.

When you are in the zone, you enter a different form of consciousness. Usually, people get into this type of consciousness when they get into life-threatening situations.

You must have heard that when a person faces great danger, time slows down and your perceptions expand. As a result, you gather all information about you and use it to make the right decision that will save you.

You may not even be aware of it at the time, but when you think back, you will realize that in such moments your performance skyrockets.

Many people that experienced it grew addicted to the feeling of being in the zone.

When you face a crisis, your brain gets energy from thinking processes and uses it for intuition. In other words, it stops all the questioning that may be going on in your head and takes command.

People who have felt this effect feel as if a burden was taken off their shoulders since they do not feel that they need to make decisions themselves.

What does this mean for productivity?

Well, when your guard is down, and doubts are not constraining you, you suddenly feel the freedom you need to create, innovate, imagine, and dare.

The risk is not the only way to get into the flow. In fact, there are 22 gateways that you can use to enter the zone.

We have to note that no matter how much they practice, some people always fall short and do not get into the flow. As you are aware, only a few people rise to the top in their fields.

The extra element we have to take into consideration is the way your brain functions.

The brain has explicit (conscious) and implicit (subconscious) systems.

Most people do not get to the level where they can control each stage and as a result achieve superhuman creativity and innovation.

The lucky few describe that when faced with challenges they hear a “voice” that guides them and is “never wrong.” The problem is that although everyone possesses that inner voice, most of us do not hear it.

The only way to let that voice come to the surface is to silence all the chatter that happens in your brain all day, every day.

Then, you will be able to get in the flow, where you will be free from thinking, and be able to just do.

Key Lessons from “The Rise of Superman”:

1.      Getting to Flow
2.      The Flow Cycle
3.      Degrees of Flow

Getting to Flow

Getting into the flow is remarkably easy once you train yourself.

However, you first need to understand the flow triggers and the flow cycle, which we will cover in the second lesson.

When you are in flow, you do not need external pressure to practice whatever you are set out to practicing. When you are in flow, you want to practice.

You feel that action is fun, and as a result, you learn faster. Feeling fun acts as instant gratification.

To get into the flow, you do not have to do risky things such as extreme sports. Instead, you can engage in intellectual risk as well.

Do what works best for you.

The Flow Cycle

All flow is connected to a four-stage cycle:

  • “Struggle” is the beginning of the flow process, when you need a great effort to practice. Be prepared to feel frustration and need to work hard as you move toward the solution of the problem.
  • “Release” is the stage when you need to take a break from the challenge. Relax and let stress subside. Feeling good is key.
  • “Flow.” You get to the flow because of the previous two stages. After the fight, you release, and then you flow.
  • “Recovery” is the stage after the flow state, in which your body and your mind both need to recover from the use of energy.

Degrees of Flow

You will most certainly induce flow if you look for unusual experiences that break your everyday routine. Set bite-sized, but challenging goals, instead of establishing long-term ones. Act here and now.

By connecting your small goals you will achieve bigger ones, but if you think of the end objective, you will probably get distracted.

Walk step by step, get into the flow, and live in the now.

If you feel that the challenge is too big, you will get stressed, and your performance will plummet. If the challenge is too small, on the other hand, you will lose focus.

Set the right level of challenge, so you keep your mind from wandering or stressing.

To get into your challenge “sweet spot,” increase the task difficulty by 4% every time you do it.

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“The Rise of Superman” Quotes

To really achieve anything, you have to be able to tolerate and enjoy risk. It has to become a challenge to look forward to. In all fields, to make exceptional discoveries you need risk—you’re just never going to have a breakthrough… Click To Tweet The reasons there are so many clichés about universes inside of dewdrops is because there are universes inside of dewdrops. Click To Tweet Most people live in a very restricted circle of their potential being. They make use of a very small portion of their possible consciousness, and of their soul’s resources in general, much like a man who, out of his whole organism,… Click To Tweet When risk is a challenge, fear becomes a compass—literally pointing people in the direction they need to go next. Click To Tweet As children we are taught not to play with fire, not how to play with fire. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

The book is scientifically backed and well written, although at times Kotler does not make entirely convincing comparisons and parallels between extreme sports and work performance.

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Five Minds for the Future Summary

Five Minds for the Future SummaryThe future was always subjected to lots of questions.

To quench the thirst of these passionate individuals, Howard in the 80s started sharing his revelations on intelligence with the world.

In this short but all-encompassing book summary, we’ll try to dispatch a message to the world and hopefully, receive positive feedback.

Who Should Read “Five Minds for the Future”? And Why?

Five Minds for the Future” is testing not only people’s creativity to cope with the never-ending technological enhancement but also their endurance in such environment.

Anyone willing to explore the elementary laws of various Mindsets that will take over the world should give this book a fighting chance.

About Howard Gardner

Howard GardnerHoward Gardner an American psychologist, author and theorist born on July 11th, 1943 in Scranton. He has written plenty of articles, available in more than 30 languages. His most famous work is the theory of multiple intelligences, firstly explained in the 1983 masterpiece – Frames of Mind.

“Five Minds for the Future Summary”

The Harvard psychologist MacArthur shook the Earth with his unorthodox claim about the human capabilities. As a man of high stature, MacArthur was entitled to present a controversial opinion. In fact, the discussion was reduced to one particular aspect. Is it factual, to accept a single metric to evaluate the level of human capacity?

According to Gardner, this idea was complete trash, and he advocated and endorsed a new-modern theory that our brain is not limited to one particular “cleverness.”  

Just like anything else, the ability to go through a series of processes in order to transform one’s mind will produce some results. All 5 phases are deliberately or unintentionally designed to answer the challenges of the digital age. Even businesses are aware of the fact, that if they don’t go side-by-side with the vast technological advancement which doesn’t rest even for a second, a collapse is inevitable.

Here’s what’s coming:

Winston Churchill’s case shouldn’t be construed as an attempt to predict the future but as an intention to expand the horizons of those who are still living in a small restricted world. He often used to say; the future empires will rely on one’s mind, not on military and economic influence.  

Deliberately or not, he neglected the impact of weaponry in years to come and subtly turned towards unexplored matters. The tangible benefits will become secondary, and the main threat and prosperity will emerge from the brainpower.

Churchill was certainly not a fortune teller or a psychologist. He never gave any precise countermeasures for the humanity to excel at defining the human capacity, but Winston was more of a visionary. Globalization, for example, acts as living proof of this theory which adheres to the fact of multiple intelligences.

The technology-driven world brought the age secrecy to its knees, at the expense of a higher income. In other words, this evolutionary progress created a new society or “The Five Minds”!!!

The costs of not applying practices characteristic for the modern age can lead to a catastrophe. Howard Gardner presents the five minds, that toe to toe with the “devil” which causes such downfalls!

Key Lessons from “Five Minds for the Future

1.      The Disciplined Mind
2.      The Synthesizing Mind
3.      The Creating Mind
4.      The Respectful Mind
5.      The Ethical Mind

“The Disciplined Mind”

You can call it a stage or a level which instigates people to explore the logical and factual, instead of abstract. To put it differently, this mind refers to the formal education.

If you plan on to pile up facts and proven theories in your head, well – congratulations, you are one step closer to becoming a master of discipline.  

“The Synthesizing Mind”

Synthesizers originate from various parts of the world. As the name implies, they were indeed the lords of the ancient times, dwelling in ancient Greece, Rome, and other cultural centers.

Their idea was to collect and reorganize the mountain of knowledge gathered throughout the years and design a useful format that can serve as a tool to quickly draw any information if such thing is required.

Plato and Aristotle are only some of the philosophers who launched this project.

“The Creating Mind”

As Einstein once told, imagination is more important than knowledge. Human creativity at its best is covered and questioned openly and transparently.

Employers are in search of thinkers, and employees who can provide “out-of-the-box” solutions, to the fluctuating and relentless economy.

Only a 100 years ago, the entrepreneurs were fierce with their workers, exploitation was normal, and creativity was almost banned. However, gradually we managed to close the circle of ignorance, and entered an era where creativity is the difference between success and collapse.

“The Respectful Mind”

Before we began assembling teams to improve the decision-making capacity of the organizations, companies or states, our ancestors used to gather in groups to improve their chances of survival.

Human beings are social creatures, but sometimes interactions take an unexpected turn for the worst, leading to heated arguments sometimes even with deadly consequences.  

This pattern cannot be eliminated with one swing, but a respectful mind can generate better understanding. The solution this mindset provides is easy to digest, – respect other’s opinion and contribute to resolving the problem.

“The Ethical Mind”

It’s said, becoming an ethical person with integrity in a superficial world, is like finding a needle in a haystack. Doing good deeds, caring for the community, and sincerely offering an apology if you misjudge certain conditions is the essence itself of this Mind.  

How you conduct your daily activities speaks a lot about you, either as an ethical or as a dishonest individual. If you spend the majority of time trying to do the right thing, you have all the relevant traits of keeping the “membership.”

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“Five Minds for the Future” Quotes

Part of the maturity of the sciences is an appreciation of which questions are best left to other disciplinary approaches. Click To Tweet I want my children to understand the world, but not just because the world is fascinating and the human mind is curious. I want them to understand it so that they will be positioned to make it a better place. Click To Tweet Perhaps, indeed, there are no truly universal ethics: or to put it more precisely, the ways in which ethical principles are interpreted will inevitably differ across cultures and eras. Yet, these differences arise chiefly at the margins. Click To Tweet Education in the broadest sense should help more human beings realize the most impressive features of the most remarkable representatives of our species. Click To Tweet The mind-that-would-synthesize must grapple with forces that seem to be arrayed against its proper realization. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Supported by personalities of the highest status such as Einstein, Winston Churchill, Aristotle, Plato, we are absent choice than to fully endorse such comprehensive analysis of what is to come.

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The Geography of Genius Summary

The Geography of Genius Summary

A Search for the World’s Most Creative Places From Ancient Athens to Silicon Valley

Are you ready to travel around the world in… well, 400 pages and few days? No? What about in thousand words and merely ten minutes?

Sounds better, we know.

So, without a further ado, the summary of “The Geography of Genius.”

Who Should Read “The Geography of Genius”? And Why?

“The Geography of Genius” is a weird kind of a personal travelogue.

Why?

Because its mission is to answer a strange question. Namely, why do geniuses cluster around specific places at specific moments in history?

However, people who have read Eric Weiner’s previous book, “The Geography of Bliss” – his attempt to discover the world’s happiest places – rather than surprised, will be in rubbing-hands mood.

“The Geography of Genius” is unpretentious and funny, interesting and charming. So, additionally it should be a treat for anyone interested in the interrelation of history and geography.

Or, geniuses, for that matter.

About Eric Weiner

Eric WeinerEric Weiner is a respected journalist and bestselling writer. A former longtime correspondent for the NPR, he has authored three part-memoirs part-travelogues whose overarching mission is a personal quest for answers to some fairly difficult questions.

The Geography of Bliss” tackles an interesting problem: which is the happiest country in the world and why. “Man Seeks God” explores different aspects of many world religions. Finally, “The Geography of Genius,” uncovers how and why is genius related to geography.

“The Geography of Genius Summary”

Our thousands-of-years long and thousands-of-kilometers wide story begins with Keith Simonton, a professor of psychology at the University of California.

One of the topics which interest him the most: geniuses. And one of the concepts he has worked on the longest: genius clusters.

In the past, most people believed that genius is hereditary. Great men beget great man, and there was nothing anyone could do about it.

Nowadays, however, people tend to talk about collaboration. Or, even more, about how there’s nothing great in the great men of history, since they were mere products of some circumstances, and any genius could have been the next person.

Genius clusters are some middle ground. It seems that, as a rule, a genius appears not only at the same time with another genius, but also at the same place.

Sometimes, a place goes into genius-overload mode.

That’s a genius cluster.

And after talking to Keith Simonton, Eric Weiner decides to visit few such genius clusters and explore their history. His main goal: to uncover why they had become genius clusters.

And where should one start exploring genius clusters if not in Athens?

The place where Western civilization was born. The birthplace of Socrates and Plato as well. And the place where Aristotle moved in his teenage years. Why?

Well, because Plato’s Academy was there. And the Magnetic Theory of Genius may not be an exact science, but it is a fairly intuitive one for that matter: geniuses go where other geniuses are. Because, how would a misfit find his place if he doesn’t find other misfits?

Athens had another advantage: it was located where the trading routes between Phoenicia, Egypt and Babylonia crossed. So, it got the best of all worlds.

Millennium and a half later, while under the Song dynasty, Chinese Hangzhou became a cultural center.

Its comparative advantage?

Emperor-poets.

Plato believed that cities would prosper under enlightened rulers. Had he lived in the 12th century AD, he would have used Hangzhou as an example.

He wouldn’t have been so bowled over by the next city on our list: Florence.

Not because of a lack of genius, though. But, because Florence proved to the world that while geniuses may magnetically attract other geniuses, they are, in turn, as magnetically attracted by money.

A banking family, the Medicis had an abundance of it and didn’t save a penny when it came to science and art. Why would they? If they paid for a church, the Pope (in time, a Medici member himself) would grant them a safe trip to heaven.

The memorable artworks dedicated to them was a little extra on the side.

Just a few centuries later, an unlikely place, Scotland’s Edinburgh, became the genius’ center of the world. Robert Burns, Adam Smith, David Hume, Dugald Stewart, James Young Simpson – you name a great man of the period and the Scots got him.

They also got two other things which worked towards the blossoming of the Scottish Enlightenment. One was a practical mindset embodied in the motto: “Surely, there must be a better way…” And the other was thinkers’ gatherings.

Because, that’s how ideas spread. After all, about this time, just few hundred kilometers to the south, the French Revolution started in their coffeehouses.

And back in Asia, Calcutta started experiencing what Florence did in the 15th century: the Bengali renaissance. Interestingly enough, it had something to do with both Scotland and thinkers’ gettogethers.

How so?

Well, it was a Scottish philanthropist, David Hare, who established the School Book Society which started printed books in both Bengali and English. And these books were later discussed at intellectual Q&A forums, called addas.

OK, not so much “&A”: the addas were all about the questions. Not the goal, but the search for meaning.

 

No list of genius clusters would be fulfilled if there’s no Vienna in it. In Weiner’s list, it’s present twice. Once because of its musical heritage (Mozart, Beethoven, Mozart) and the second time because of the revolution that was psychoanalysis (Freud, Mahler, Klimt, Mach).

In each case, Vienna serves as evidence for one of the oldest theories on geniuses. Interestingly enough, quite often, these people don’t become geniuses in their birthplaces. And where they do become exceptional – they are immigrants, questioned by everybody but themselves.

Last but not least, the Silicon Valley.

It’s certainly the place to be at the moment if you are member of the creative class.

And, that, in itself, explains how its genius cluster was formed.

After all, Elon Musk didn’t want to go anywhere else.

Key Lessons from “The Geography of Genius”

1.      Geniuses Cluster Around Specific Places
2.      Genius Is Not Born in Isolation
3.      It’s Not Nature vs. Nurture: It’s Both

Geniuses Cluster Around Specific Places

Whether it’s Athena of 5th century BC, Vienna at the turn of the century or nowadays, the Silicon Valley, some places seem to have a magnetic grip on geniuses. So, they cluster around them.

It’s not exactly an easy thing to tell always whether it’s because of the geographical environment or because of the people, but, it seems that once the genius count of a certain place reaches a tipping point, an enlightenment flourishes.

Genius Is Not Born in Isolation

OK, some are. But, they are the exception which proves the rule.

And the rule is this. Wherever there’s a genius cluster, there’s also an abundance of profound and meaningful discussion. ( (Or even not so meaningful if you’re in Calcutta.)

In Athens – they had the agora, and in Florence – the bottegas. In India, they have the addas, and in Paris and Vienna – the coffeehouses.

And, today, in Silicon Valley they have… well, the internet.

Genius clusters are going to be all virtual in the future!

It’s Not Nature vs. Nurture: It’s Both

The general wisdom is that geniuses are either born or made.

Eric Weiner’s trip around the world concludes: it’s both. Geniuses are created at the intersections of people and places. Because, creativity itself, is nothing but a relationship.

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“The Geography of Genius” Quotes

Rather than asking “What is creativity?” a better question is “Where is creativity?” Click To Tweet Culture is the enormous yet invisible ocean in which we swim. Or, to put it in modern, digital terms, culture is a shared IT network. Click To Tweet Geniuses do not pop up randomly—one in Siberia, another in Bolivia—but in groupings. Genius clusters. Click To Tweet Creativity is a relationship, one that unfolds at the intersection of person and place. Click To Tweet Genius, like charity, begins at home. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Both a memoir and a personal odyssey, “The Geography of Genius” is, as its author claims himself, “a colossal fools’ experiment.” But, the world needs these kinds of experiments, exactly because the world is shaped by people who do crazy things.

True, other than suggesting the application of the book’s finds in your home, “The Geography of Genius” doesn’t reach some final conclusion. But, just like a Bengali adda, it doesn’t need to. The trip is what matters.

And with such a witty and funny guide as Eric Weiner, it can be nothing short o unforgettable.

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The Freaks Shall Inherit the Earth Summary

The Freaks Shall Inherit the Earth Summary

Entrepreneurship for Weirdos, Misfits, and World Dominators

Have you ever felt like you don’t belong anywhere on this planet? Or daydreamed that there are other people like you and that some of them have succeeded? Have you ever wanted to meet them and get some guidance from them?

Well, Chris Brogan is a self-dubbed freak and he has some good news for you. In “The Freaks Shall Inherit the Earth,” he explains, in no less than 200 pages, that things, after all, may not be as bleak as they look to you.

And, yes, he gives an encouraging advice or two you’ll cherish.

So, let’s see which are they.

Who Should Read “The Freaks Shall Inherit the Earth”? And Why?

Don’t let the childish title fool you: this book is not about children! Well, more or less. Because, if we have to select one group of people who would want to read it, It’s definitely recent graduates. Usually, they don’t know what hits them once they enter the business world.

With this book under their pillows, they may feel that the world belongs to them – instead of working against them. Everyone who feels like the latter and wants to believe the former is welcomed to read this book as well. Especially, if he or she is a freelancer or has some start-up on his/her mind.

About Chris Brogan

Chris BroganChris Brogan is an American author, journalist, and sought-after marketing consultant. In addition, he is the CEO of Owner Media Group.

Recently ranked by “Forbes” magazine as the #1 social media power influencer in the world – ahead of people like Guy Kawasaki – Brogan has consulted everyone who matters in the business, from Disney and Coke, to Microsoft and Google.

He has written nine bestselling books, some of which, like “Social Media 101,” have gained the status of classics.

For anything more, you can reach Brogan at his website: http://chrisbrogan.com/

“The Freaks Shall Inherit the Earth Summary”

So, you dye your hair purple.

Or you read comic books and listen to bands who have neither a Facebook profile, nor a Twitter account.

So, you like foreign films more than domestic ones.

So, what?!

The world of today wasn’t created by those who did things the expected way. It was always moved by non-conformists.

A freak, a weirdo, a misfit, whatever you are: the future awaits you! And, better yet, the present is not as bad as it looks like.

How can that be?

Two words: the Internet.

It has not merely radically changed the world as we know it, but it is also more than guaranteed that it will change the ways we’re doing business once and for all.

And it has changed the ways misfits can take participation in it.

Namely, until not that long ago, the only way for a person to become an entrepreneur was by having a lot of money and lots of connections. Now, because of the Internet, nothing can stop you from reaching a wide and – this is the more important part – right audience.

You see, business never works in isolation. And, until recently, freaks had the problem of fitting in. Can you think of anyone you’d describe as a weirdo who’d be happy to work in a cubicle? Anyone you’d label a misfit who might be interested in saying yes to a well-defined routine? An eccentric who’d be a much-admired sales rep?

Best case scenario, he will evolve to become a lone wolf. An unhappy lone wolf in a company which doesn’t cherish his talent and qualities.

But, now, thanks to the Internet, he can be his own boss.

True, great ideas don’t make great business by themselves. And that’s where “The Freaks Shall Inherit the Earth” comes in handy. It advices newcomers in the business world how to tackle the reality of the corporate world, by taking all the necessary steps to succeed.

First and foremost, it suggests them that success begins with its definition. You can’t be a successful person if you don’t know what success means to you. Because, if you’re running for money and it’s actually serenity that you like – you are bound to be unhappy in the end.

Secondly, you’ve got to prepare the field before starting your business. Entrepreneurs are people who work a lot, and this doesn’t only include researching and formulating business strategies. It also means eliminating all distractions whatsoever.

You can’t be a successful businessman if you hang up on Facebook all the time!

Of course, as good your strategy is, there are numerous things you’ll be unable to predict. Don’t let this discourage you! Entrepreneurs are what they are because, in addition to a great idea and a good business plan, they also have the courage to risk.

So, overcome your fears and start doing. That’s the only way you’ll learn anything.

Finally, just like you can’t exist in a vacuum, your business can’t grow if not publicized. Once again, the Internet is here to help you. A single successful RTM campaign can do wonders.

Just like you can, you, beautiful misfit, you!

Key Lessons from “The Freaks Shall Inherit the Earth”

1.      Dear Misfits, I Need You. The Future.
2.      Business Is About Belonging
3.      Business is Also About Plans

Dear Misfits, I Need You. The Future.

The word “misfit” speaks volumes about the people who feel that way. They are unable to fit anywhere. Consequently, even if they ever had it, in time they lose their interest to and live an isolated life.

However, their heads are filled with great ideas the beauty of the future world depends upon. In fact, the world has been shaped by non-conformists.

So, all you misfits out there, never conform!

Business Is About Belonging

Now, it’s easy to say that misfits can develop start-ups which will change the world. The more difficult part is that their ideas need to be heard. And since the multitudes don’t care about the misfits, it’s of essential importance that misfits contact each other.

Fortunately, they have the Internet to help them.

Because, business is about belonging. And happiness is about not being an outsider. This applies to both your work, and your family.

Business is Also About Plans

However, don’t make any sudden movements!

The Internet makes it easy for everybody to be an entrepreneur nowadays, but it doesn’t mean that you can use it as a magic stick. You should still develop a sound business strategy and plan ahead.

While not letting fears paralyze you. Because, being an entrepreneur is also about being a risktaker. About falling down and getting up.

Freak or no freak.

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“The Freaks Shall Inherit the Earth” Quotes

The people who succeed are the ones who do the work that stands between them and their goal. Click To Tweet Find the people who are the same kind of freak as you and you’ll profit from serving that community in some form or fashion. Click To Tweet Most of what we fear is tied clearly to what we don’t know. If we’re not sure which steps to take, we balk at the process. Click To Tweet The amount of people who will convince you that your idea is wrong usually grows in accordance with how unique the idea is. Click To Tweet My success is built entirely on my ability to fail quickly and then learn and adapt from the results of that failure. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“The Freaks Shall Inherit the Earth” is written in a conversational, easy-to-read tone, aimed at all the freaks and misfits in the world. It starts with a “Guardians of the Galaxy” reference and it ends with a call to declare your freakiness. It’s so down-to-earth that, in addition to URls and Twitter links, it even includes Chris Brogan’s personal email address!

(We’re guessing that Inbox is full at a daily basis!)

It is not exactly Chris Brogan at his personal best. But, Brogan at his usual self is still better than most of the so-called business experts at their best.

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