The Art of Seduction Summary

The Art of Seduction SummaryAn Examination of the Amoral Game and Techniques of Seducers

If happiness can be some sort of an art, why shouldn’t seduction be an art as well? True, this means that mastering it is a lengthy learning process. But, there’s no better place to start than Robert Greene’s account on the subject, “The Art of Seduction.”

About Robert Greene

Robert GreeneRobert Greene is a popular and widely read American author. He has a degree in classical studies from the University of Wisconsin at Madison and is mostly interested in topics related to power and dominance.

He has written five well-received bestsellers: “The Art of Seduction,” “The 48 Laws of Power,” “The 50th Law” (with 50 Cent), “The 33 Strategies of War” and “Mastery.”

“The Art of Seduction Summary”

As far as the game of seduction is concerned, there are few players better than Neil Strauss. Even so, the best person to learn the theoretical framework from is certainly Robert Greene.


Well, because, first of all, he is brilliant at structuring. He gave us the 48 laws of power, and then the 33 strategies of war… In “The Art of Seduction” he introduces us to 9 types of seducers, and 18 types of victims.

And even 24 phases of the seductive process!

So – let’s go.

First of all, the seductive character and the 9 possible types of it.

The Sirens need no introduction: they are the femme fatales who can lure anyone through their very image and craftiness. They tease – and they please.

The Rakes will do anything for the opposite sex. They live in the moment, so they are unrestrained with just the right amount of wild.

The Ideal Lovers understand love in a much more aesthetic manner than others. You need no better explanation than a single word: Casanova.

Dandies are usually androgynous and seduce both sexually and socially. Byron would be a good example of a dandy.

Naturals are playful and child-like; they want to be protected. And you want to care for them.

Coquettes are self-absorbed and vain – and you want to have them because they don’t need you.

Charmers are, well, charming. They don’t argue and they don’t complain. Instead, they listen and are lightheartedly helpful.

Charismatic lovers ooze self-confidence and magnetism. They are mysterious and saintly, eloquent and theatrical. And even vulnerable when necessary.

Finally, stars. They are dreamlike. They are our one-way ticket out of our boring reality.

If you’re not the 10th type of seducer – i.e. the anti-seducer – you’ll find a way to seduce your victims. However, you first have to understand them and tailor your seduction strategy.

And there are 18 types of victims.

First of all, Reformed Rake/Sirens; they want to be rake/sirens once again: make them feel as if they’re the ones who are seducing.

Secondly, the Disappointed Dreamers: earn their trust and make them fantasize once again. The third type is the Pampered Royal. They want variety and distractions.

The New Prude is the fourth type of seducing victim. These are the Victorians of the new age: stuffed shirts on the outside, but guilty-pleasure lovers on the inside.

The Crushed Stars want to be the center of the attention once again, while the Novices are all about romance and expect to hear all of love’s 5 languages.

The Conquerors love power and want to be chased for a while. The Exotic Fetishist would want to hear none of you unless you present yourself as someone exceptional and different.

The Drama Queen thinks that reality is boring: she wants a more theatrical life. Act your heart out – as if you’re in a soap opera. The Professor wants to be mentally superior at all times – but is unable to resist physical stimulation because he feels physically inferior.

The Beauty constantly worries that her powers are diminishing; appease her worries – but go cold from time to time to stir the romance back to life. The Aging Baby dislikes responsibilities, as opposed to the Rescuer you can only seduce if you show him/her your weaknesses.

The Roué is cynical and pines for his beautiful youth; only a young man/woman can seduce him/her.

The Idol Worshippers need to adore someone. You must try to become their idol – otherwise, you’ll always be an afterthought.

Sensualists are sensitive and delicate. They are also usually shy, but can be seduced with fashion, art, style – or seductive art.

The Lonely Leaders are powerful and don’t really care about seduction – because everybody courts them all the time. You need to be on par with them: be not only honest, but blunt. So that, unlike the others, you can look natural.

And, finally, the Floating Gender. They want a counterpart – someone to be everything that they’re not. So, together, they can be complete.

Key Lessons from “The Art of Seduction”

1.      There Are 9 Types of Seducers – See Which Type Are You
2.      You Can Fall Victim to Seducing – If You’re One of These 18 People
3.      The Seductive Process in 24 Simple Steps

There Are 9 Types of Seducers – See Which Type Are You

There are 9 types of seducers.

First of all, the sirens – they are the lurers. Next, the rakes: they are the male counterparts. The ideal lovers are the Casanovas. The Dandies are the Byrons of the world. Naturals are childlike seducers. Coquettes are narcissistic. Charmers are charming and charismatic lovers are magnetic.

Finally, stars are dreamlike.

You Can Fall Victim to Seducing – If You’re One of These 18 People

Each type of seducer has its own natural type of pray. Find out which type of seducer you are above – and locate your victim among these 18 types of seducees (yes, that’s a word)!

Here they are:

Reformed sirens/rakes, disappointed dreamers, pampered royals, new prudes, crushed starts, novices, conquerors, exotic fetishists, drama queens, professors, beauties, aging babies, rescuers, roués, idol worshippers, sensualists, lonely leaders, and floating genders.

You can read the descriptions about each of them in our summary.

The Seductive Process in 24 Simple Steps

Now that you know all types of seducers and seduction victims – it’s time to learn the whole process.

In a nutshell:

First – choose the right victim. Then – create a false sense of security. Next, start the seduction process by sending mixed signals; become the object of desire by creating a false love triangle. Work even more to create the need. Don’t say things out loud: insinuate.

Time to enter the spirit of your victim. Create temptation. But – don’t act upon it: keep your victim in suspense. Confuse him/her, by paying attention to the details and poeticizing your presence.

Develop a weakness/vulnerability strategy so as to disarm your love interest. Back that up with a fantastical story or two. Now, isolate the victim and prove your worth. With the right victim, you can even “effect a regression”– i.e. start playing the victim yourself. The pursuer – pursued.

Now, it’s time to break the taboos – everybody loves to explore his/her dark side. When the time comes, start using spiritual and physical lures and mix pleasure with pain. Master the art of the bold move. But – beware of the aftereffects.

In the end, you may end up alone and hurt.

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“The Art of Seduction” Quotes

When our emotions are engaged, we often have trouble seeing things as they are. Click To Tweet People are more complicated than the masks they wear in society. Click To Tweet In reality, Cleopatra was physically unexceptional and had no political power, yet both Caesar and Antony, brave and clever men, saw none of this. What they saw was… a one-woman spectacle. Click To Tweet Desire is both imitative (we like what others like) and competitive (we want to take away from others what they have). Click To Tweet if no resistances or obstacles face you, you must create them. No seduction can proceed without them. Click To Tweet

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The 5 Second Rule Summary

The 5 Second Rule SummaryTransform Your Life, Work, and Confidence with Everyday Courage

What if someone told you that you can change your life in no more than 5 seconds? And what if millions of people agree that that someone’s strategy has worked for them too?

You’ll want to try it out for yourself, right?

If so – it’s the perfect timing for Mel Robbins’ “5 Second Rule”!

About Mel Robbins

Mel RobbinsMelanie “Mel” Robbins is a television host and CNN commentator, best known for her reporting on the George Zimmerman trial. Her TED Talk, “How to Stop Screwing Yourself Over,” has been watched by more than 12 million people in almost 40 countries.

See more at

“The 5 Second Rule Summary”

We usually beat around the bush for a while, but we prefer to get straight to the point on this one: the 5-second rule is a simple countdown.

That’s right:

5… 4… 3… 2… 1… Go!

That’s the whole philosophy behind Mel Robbins’ bestseller, “The 5 Second Rule.” Let us anticipate your first two questions: but, does it work? And can it be that easy?

The answer is “yes” to both of them.

So, can a simple countdown transform your life?

Well, the basic science behind it is the science of the instinct. And it seems that the difference between the bad (they come first and third) and the good one (they come second) is five seconds.

In other words, your first instinct after waking up is the very unhealthy one to hit the “snooze” button. Countdown to five and you’ll experience the power of the push: you’ll feel a sudden rush of energy and an urge to get up and start doing something. Resist this urge for a second or two – and you’re back to hitting the “snooze” button.

Five seconds, one second – that’s what makes all the difference.

Take, for example, a 26-year-old Montgomery minister back in 1955. He was chosen to be the leader of the protest against racial segregation in America. It happened so fast, he would say many years afterward, that he had no more than few seconds to think over the decision. If he had – he’d probably declined the nomination, thinking that it’s not the right time.

You’ve guessed it: that man was Martin Luther King Jr.

It’s both almost always – and never – “the right time.” “Amateurs sit and wait for inspiration,” said Stephen King. “The rest of us get up and go to work.”

Do the same.

You need no more than five seconds.

Key Lessons from “The 5 Second Rule”

1.      The 5 Second Rule Is a Countdown
2.      Be a Thinking Machine That Feels – Not the Other Way Around
3.      There Are 5 Seconds Between Procrastination and Productivity

The 5 Second Rule Is a Countdown

Remember when your school psychologist taught you that before doing anything impulsive, it’s always best to countdown to ten?

Well, according to Mel Robbins, that’s basically the best cheat sheet you can ever get in life. The only difference: you need to countdown from 5 – 10 is too much.

Be a Thinking Machine That Feels – Not the Other Way Around

Because, it seems that you need five seconds to add reason to your feelings – which will conquer your body once again after a second or two.

Portuguese-American neuroscientist Antonio Damasio’s studies all but prove this. What they conclude is that 95 percent of your actions are decided by your emotions. In other words, you are a “feeling machine that thinks.”

By counting to five before making a decision, you’re keeping your emotions in check. Thus, you’re able to turn yourself into a “thinking machine which feels.”

There Are 5 Seconds Between Procrastination and Productivity

According to Timothy Pychyl, procrastination is nothing more but a subconscious desire for instant gratification. What makes high performers so good at what they’re doing is their ability to control this desire.

You can too – with the 5 second rule. Simply, countdown to five every time (out of 40 a day on average) you feel the need to check your Inbox or your smartphone while doing something else.

You’ll see the results right away!

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“The 5 Second Rule” Quotes

Hesitation is the kiss of death. You might hesitate for a just nanosecond, but that’s all it takes. That one small hesitation triggers a mental system that’s designed to stop you. And it happens in less than—you guessed it—five… Click To Tweet You can’t control how you feel. But you can always choose how you act. Click To Tweet You Are One Decision Away from a Completely Different Life. Click To Tweet There’s one thing that is guaranteed to increase your feelings of control over your life: a bias toward action. Click To Tweet Your feelings don’t matter. The only thing that matters is what you DO. Click To Tweet

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Thank You for Arguing Summary

Thank You for Arguing SummaryWhat Aristotle, Lincoln, and Homer Simpson Can Teach Us About the Art of Persuasion

Aristotle, Lincoln, Homer Simpson… a curious bunch! But, Jay Heinrichs says that you can learn a lot about the art of winning an argument from each of them. What else is there left to say, but: “Thank You for Arguing.”

About Jay Heinrichs

Jay HeinrichsJay Heinrichs is an American author, one of the leading theoreticians on topics such as persuasion and conflict. He is the founding editor of few magazines and a Professor of the Practice in Rhetoric and Oratory at Middlebury College.

He has written few other similar books, including “How to Argue with a Cat” and “Word Hero.”

“Thank You for Arguing Summary”

Nowadays, we tend to think of arguments as heated disagreements we should avoid at all costs.

But, if you think about it, the word “argument” itself has many meanings, one of which is basically “a debate” (as in: “philosophical arguments”) and the other “a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating truth or falsehood” (as in: “she presented a strong argument.”

In other words, “arguing” doesn’t only mean “quarrelling,” but also “making a case, exploring, claiming.” We need less arguments of the first kind; many, many more of the second, dying kind.

A good example of this are marriages. According to a study by psychologist John Gottman, both divorced and happily married couples argue. The difference is that the latter use arguments to reach some kind of consensus!

That was the way all of Ancient Greece functioned. And that is the way you should start functioning too.

And the first lesson: always have some goal in mind before starting an argument! Afterward, work toward that goal with every part of your body and reason. Because, humans are predictably irrational. Or, in other words: logic and arguments in themselves won’t work.

Seduction will. Says none other than Aristotle.

A quick throwback: John Kerry won all the debates against George W. Bush. Yet, the later one won the presidential race.


Because, he seduced the population by giving them what they wanted in the first place; or convincing them that they wanted what he was about to offer.

And he used the very basic tools of persuasion, as illustrated by Aristotle in his “Rhetoric”: logos, pathos, and ethos.

Logos is all about logic. It’s about using the best rational techniques to persuade your audience. It’s not only about having the arguments at your side – it’s about using the ones you have at the very right moments.

Pathos is the emotional element. This one’s all about recognizing your audience’s feelings and aligning with them. Or, even worse: toying with them. Politicians promise things they know they can’t deliver upon. They don’t care: the goal is simply to win over the emotions of the voters.

Finally, ethos is all about character. And, strangely enough, Aristotle considered it the most important element of winning an argument.


Because, people believe more those who not only talk the talk but have walked the walk as well. That’s exactly why you can’t win an argument about war against a veteran!

Key Lessons from “Thank You for Arguing”

1.      Persuasion Is an Ancient Greek Art of Three Tools
2.      In an Argument, What You Say Means Less Than Who You Are
3.      Detect Bad Examples and Tautologies and Win the Audience

Persuasion Is an Ancient Greek Art of Three Tools

Persuasion is an Ancient Greek art. In fact, one of the very first books on rhetoric is as influential today as it was when first written about two and a half millennia ago.

After all, its author was Aristotle.

And in his opinion, you can persuade someone using one of three tools. The first one is logos, or the authority of reason and arguments. The second one is pathos – or the power of emotions. And, finally, the third one is ethos – or the integrity of character.

In an Argument, What You Say Means Less Than Who You Are

Aristotle considered the last one – ethos, character – the most important tool of influencing people. In his opinion, having the arguments and sympathizing with your audience will eventually come to nothing – if you don’t point out your strengths to it, and use your opponent’s weaknesses.

Charismatic leaders are nothing else but people who have convinced other people they can trust them. Take Abraham Lincoln for example. He was against slavery – and the majority of people in his days were for it. But, it didn’t matter in the end; because people simply liked Lincoln.

Detect Bad Examples and Tautologies and Win the Audience

Thank You for Arguing” is a great compendium of relevant examples – ranging from anecdotes to pop culture references – and great advices. One of the best: detect bad examples and tautologies, because people use them on a daily basis and look perplexed and stumped when someone points them out to them.

An example of a bad example: a mother concluding that her kids aren’t safe outside because she has just heard a story about the murder of a child. (Yes – that leads to helicopter parenting).

An example of tautology: “It’s no exaggeration to say the undecideds could go one way or another.” George Bush said that.

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“Thank You for Arguing” Quotes

Rhetoric is the art of influence, friendship, and eloquence, of ready wit and irrefutable logic. And it harnesses the most powerful of social forces, argument. Click To Tweet When you want to change someone’s mood, tell a story. Click To Tweet It’s a form of amplification, an essential rhetorical tactic that turns up the volume as you speak. In a presentation, you can amplify by layering your points: ‘Not only do we have this, but we also…’ Click To Tweet Extremists usually describe the middle course as extreme. Click To Tweet The person who lived an entirely private life, Aristotle said, was either a beast or a god. Click To Tweet

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Grit to Great Summary

Grit to Great SummaryHow Perseverance, Passion, and Pluck Take You from Ordinary to Extraordinary

Contrary to popular belief, talent is never enough – you need so much more to become extraordinary. Linda Kaplan Thaler and Robin Koval would know. And we have a look at their 3P recipe (perseverance, passion, and pluck) in “Grit to Great.”

About Linda Kaplan Thaler and Robin Koval

Linda Kaplan ThalerLinda Kaplan Thaler is an American advertiser and motivational speaker, responsible for some of the most famous advertising campaigns in U.S. history, such as the Aflac duck and the Clariol Herbal Essence “Yes, Yes, Yes” campaign.

Robin KovalRobin Koval is the CEO of Truth Initiative, a tobacco control organization aiming to create a tobacco-free culture. She has co-founded with Thaler the Kaplan Thaler Group and has co-authored with her four bestselling books, including “The Power of Nice.”

“Grit to Great Summary”

Remember Angela Duckworth’s story?

If not, here it is – in three sentences. As a child, she was often told off by her father for lacking his genius. However, she became a respected and oft-quoted scientist. And to explain how she got from point A to point B, she introduced to the world the concept of “grit”.

In short – it’s power + perseverance.

In “Grit to Great,” Linda Kaplan Thaler and Robin Koval add another ingredient: pluck. And fully back Duckworth’s take on things with numerous inspirational stories not unlike hers and theirs.

Take, for example, Thaler and Koval’s attempt to land a new client. And not just any client: we’re talking about the fast food giant, Wendy’s. When they daydreamed about it – nothing happened. When they started working as if they had no other option – they got the contract.

And, yes – we’re talking about 80-hour workweeks!

However, grit is not just about hard work. It’s also about what to do if all that hard work amounts to nothing.

And that’s where noted TED speaker Jia Jiang can help you. He realized that if you want to grow, you must overcome the fear of rejection. So, he started doing one “rejectable” thing a day (like ordering a burger refill or a quarter of a shrimp) for one hundred days!

The results?

He didn’t merely conquered his fear of rejection, but he also learned that asking what you want may also get you exactly that.

Grit is also a lot about passion. Without it, Van Gogh would have stopped painting long before he committed suicide: after all, he did manage to sell one painting only during his whole life.

His success came a bit late, but his story should teach you that it’s never the end. And, moreover, that you can always try once again.

If people gave up after their first attempts, we wouldn’t have had Michael Jordan or Oprah Winfrey. The former didn’t make it to his high school basketball team at first, and the latter was told by her boss that she wasn’t “made for TV.”

And you know what Jordan and Winfrey did?

They just buckled in with a bit of a grin – and they did it!

Key Lessons from “Grit to Great”

1.      Persevere – Longer Than the Others
2.      Be Passionate About What You’re Doing
3.      Exercise Your Pluck to Deal with the Inevitable Hardships

Persevere – Longer Than the Others

Talent is only a small part of the success equation. Perseverance is a much bigger one.


Because, as you go along your way, you’ll see that there are many talented people around. However, only few of them succeed. Interestingly enough, they are not the most talented – but the ones who persevere the longest.

Be among them.

Be Passionate About What You’re Doing

If Van Gogh didn’t have passion, he would have probably stopped painting not long after embarking on such a career. Because, for longer parts of his life, there was nothing there to motivate him but his inherent passion.

In other words, it’s fairly pointless to expect to be gritty in something you’re not passionate about. But, then again, it’s pointless to live your life that way, to start with.

Exercise Your Pluck to Deal with the Inevitable Hardships

No matter what you do, sooner or later, you will always encounter upon some problems. That’s where the grit-to-great philosophy really works wonders. Because, talented people are usually talented in one area and are unable to overcome problems coming from a different one.

Gritty people are courageous. And their determination makes up for whatever else is there they may be lacking.

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“Grit to Great” Quotes

Working just a little harder than someone else who might be just as talented (or even a bit more) is what will win the day. Click To Tweet I’m not the smartest guy, but I can outwork you. It’s the one thing I can control. Click To Tweet Failure is how we learn—it’s how we develop and acquire grit. Click To Tweet When confidence becomes a muscle memory, panic is replaced by peak performance. Click To Tweet The difference between a successful person and others is not a lack of strength, not a lack of knowledge, but rather a lack of will. Click To Tweet

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Emotional Intelligence 2.0 Summary

Emotional Intelligence 2.0 SummaryThe World’s Most Popular Emotional Intelligence Test

By now, you’re more than aware that there are many types of intelligence. And that the standard intelligence quotient (IQ) is not enough to measure most of your capacities.

In other words, you don’t Travis Bradberry and Jean Greaves to tell you that one of them is certainly your emotional intelligence. However, if you do want to increase it – then “Emotional Intelligence 2.0” is the way to go!

About Travis Bradberry and Jean Greaves

Travis BradberryTravis Bradberry is an award-winning co-author of few books translated in almost 30 languages and available in more than 150 countries. He is the co-founder of “TalentSmart®,” world’s #1 provider of emotional intelligence.

Jean GreavesJean Greaves is the other founder of “TalentSmart®” and its current CEO. She has co-authored all of her books with Bradberry, including “Emotional Intelligence 2.0” and “The Emotional Intelligence Quick Book.”

“Emotional Intelligence 2.0 Summary”

Many years ago, Daniel Goleman refined the meaning of being smart by introducing the concept of emotional intelligence.

And, nowadays, few people would ever think of questioning its importance and value in real-life situations.

However, as Travis Bradberry and Jean Greaves claim in “Emotional Intelligence 2.0,” knowing what EI – or EQ or even EIQ is – doesn’t make you smart; just like knowing what IQ is very much different from sharing similar IQ score with Stephen Hawking.

And – to further develop the analogy – if you want to increase your IQ, you’ll have to read some books. But, how do you increase your EQ?

Well, that’s what this book is all about from start to finish! As Stephen R. Covey says, it “gives abundant, practical findings and insights with emphasis on how to develop EQ.”

In four different areas!

First of all, self-awareness. Or the ability to understand your own self. Obviously, the solution is simple: know thyself. And how? By tracking down what you do when you’re feeling good, and what you do when you’re feeling bad. And understanding that these are both part of your being – and that you can control them.

Which brings us to the second element of EI: self-management. And self-management is all about balancing your logical and emotional side. A good place to start is your notebook! Making two-columned lists comparing the emotional and the logical benefits of a decision will prevent either side from dominating your actions and decisions.

The third aspect of EI is social awareness. Because, after all, we’re not alone on this planet. And because there are many things we like about it others may not – and vice versa. So, everybody has to adapt. The best way to do this is via the name-remembering body-study method. Be nice to people – in the way their bodies tell you to be.

Finally, relationship management is all about how to reverse this. Namely, how to make sure that your body language is saying the same as the actual words you want to say. Of course, this is based on accepting feedbacks and constructive criticism – because otherwise, it’s very hard to see yourself as well as those around you can.

Key Lessons from “Emotional Intelligence 2.0”

1.      Self-Awareness: Know Thyself
2.      Self-Management: Balance Your Emotional and Rational Self
3.      Social Awareness: Be Aware of the Other People
4.      Relationship Management: Criticism Isn’t Bad at All

Self-Awareness: Know Thyself

Emotional intelligence is based on four core foundations. The first one among them is self-awareness. Namely, if you want to be better in your emotional communication with the people around you, you must first be fully aware of both your good and your bad sides.

Self-Management: Balance Your Emotional and Rational Self

Self-management means finding a way to manage your behavior. More often than not, we’re too rational when we need to be emotional and vice versa. Make emotion vs. logic tables each time you’re faced with a serious decision. It’ll make things much easier.

Social Awareness: Be Aware of the Other People

Because you can’t live in isolation, you must learn how to live in a community. And in order to do that, you must first become aware of what other people like or dislike. Or, in other words, you must study their body language closely – and react accordingly. Remembering and repeating names is always a good strategy.

Relationship Management: Criticism Isn’t Bad at All

Finally, relationship management. This is the recto of the relationship coin whose verso is social awareness. Or, in other words, you need to please people, but, in order to do that, you need to learn more about the type of energy you emit yourself. So, ask around. Analyze the feedback. And adapt!

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“Emotional Intelligence 2.0” Quotes

Emotional intelligence is your ability to recognize and understand emotions in yourself and others, and your ability to use this awareness to manage your behavior and relationships. Click To Tweet Anyone can become angry—that is easy. But to be angry with the right person, to the right degree, at the right time, for the right purpose, and in the right way, this is not easy. Click To Tweet The biggest obstacle to increasing your self-awareness is the tendency to avoid the discomfort that comes from seeing yourself as you really are. Click To Tweet Remember, feedback is meant to address the problem, not the person. Click To Tweet You do control the thoughts that follow an emotion, and you have a great deal of say in how you react to an emotion—as long as you are aware of it. Click To Tweet

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A Mind for Numbers Summary

A Mind for Numbers SummaryHow to Excel at Math and Science (Even If You Flunked Algebra)

We know, we know – math is not exactly something you’re too keen on. Well, guess what – the same holds true for millions of people!

However, Barbara Oakley thinks that she can change your mind. And make you so much better at it! Time for her “A Mind for Numbers”!

About Barbara Oakley

Barbara OakleyBarbara Oakley (born Barbara Ann Grim) is a Professor of Engineering at Oakland University. Dubbed the “female Indiana Jones,” she is an adventurer both in her life and her writing.

Captain in the US Army, she has worked as Russian translator and radio operator in Antarctica, and has written/edited numerous books on various subjects, ranging from biology (“Evil Genes”) to psychology (“Pathological Altruism”) and self-help techniques (“Mindshift”).

“A Mind for Numbers Summary”

One of the first things you realize at school is that not everyone is capable of understanding math. Some, you fathom quite quickly, are simply better at learning math than the others.

However, Barbara Oakley says that that’s only one of the ways you can look at things. The other – as she states in the title of her brilliant “Coursera” course – is to start learning how to learn math and science.

And in “A Mind for Numbers” she offers her readers numerous interesting tips and tricks.

For example, first of all you must realize that there are two different ways of thinking. Not fast and slow, but focused and diffused. You use the first one when you nitpick; the second one – to see the “big picture”.

However, both are essential. Consider, as evidence, the following sentence: “Thiss sentence has threee errors.” You’ll find the first two using your focused brain; for the third one – you need a more diffused method.

(We’ll let you think about it a bit: we reveal the error in our “Key Lessons” section.)

Now, the trick is to combine these two ways of thinking well: to think diffusedly when you start learning things, and in a focused manner when you specialize.

With many hours of sleep in-between!

Now that you get the “big picture” (ha, see what we did there?), let’s move on to the more specific techniques.

The first one is called chunking – and it’s the first and most essential part of any deep practice. It means – divide and conquer. That’s how the big becomes small, and the small becomes big once again after being tackled.

The next one is preventing procrastination. The best way to do this is to start focusing on the process instead of the outcome. Learn every day for, say, 1 hour – regardless of how much you’ll end up learning. That will help you relax, and you’ll actually end up learning more than in the case of stating an objective “I’ll learn this in 1 hour.”

Preventing procrastination is closely linked to another important aspect of your life: time management. Or, in other words: organize yourself!

Next on the agenda: memorization techniques. There are many out there, and they can help you become a memory champion even if you’re just an ordinary person.

Finally – be gritty!

Because, practice, persistence, and passion usually give better results than sheer intelligence. And studies have shown this over and over again.

Key Lessons from “A Mind for Numbers”

1.      Learn How to Learn Math
2.      There Are Two Modes of Thinking
3.      Thiss Sentence Has Threee Errors

Learn How to Learn Math

Learning math is difficult. However, learning how to learn math is not. Which is funny – if you take into consideration that the latter is a prerequisite for the first.

“A Mind for Numbers” will not teach you math. It’s a book whose goal is to teach you how you can learn math. In time – you’ll excel at it all by yourself.

There Are Two Modes of Thinking

The key lesson of the book is that there are two ways to think about things. The first one is called focused thinking and it’s what you are able to do in areas which are within your field of expertise.

The second one, however, is diffused thinking – and it’s just as important as the first one. Especially, when you start learning something new. Because it helps you see the “big picture”

Thiss Sentence Has Threee Errors

You are probably reading this key lesson before the other two.


Because most of us are usually practicing focused thinking. And when we introduced you to this assignment above, using it, you were only able to see two mistakes – both of them spelling errors.

The third one, however, is the most obvious one: it’s logical. And you can deduce it by using the method of diffused thinking.

Namely: the sentence itself is not correct.

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“A Mind for Numbers” Quotes

Thiss sentence contains threee errors. Click To Tweet Attempting to recall the material you are trying to learn—retrieval practice—is far more effective than simply rereading the material. Click To Tweet Focus on the process (the way you spend your time) instead of the product (what you want to accomplish). Click To Tweet If you protect your routine, eventually it will protect you. Click To Tweet Procrastination is like addiction. It offers temporary excitement and relief from boring reality. Click To Tweet

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Algorithms to Live By Summary

Algorithms to Live By SummaryThe Computer Science of Human Decisions

Computers are great at calculating stuff, right? Just imagine how good your life would have been if you could use them to assess day-to-day life problems!

Now, you don’t have to! Because Brian Christian and Tom Griffiths have written a handy, little book, you can use to compute your life away. And it has a great title too: “Algorithms to Live By”!

About Brian Christian and Tom Griffiths

Brian ChristianBrian Christian is an American writer and poet. He holds both computer science and philosophy degrees from Brown University and is a Master of Fine Arts in poetry from the University of Washington. In addition to “Algorithms to Live By,” he has also written “The Most Human Human.”

Tom GriffithsTom Griffiths is a professor at University of California, Berkeley, teaching subjects such as psychology and cognitive science. He is also in charge of Berkley’s Computational Cognitive Science Lab. “Algorithms to Live By” is his only book so far.

“Algorithms to Live By Summary”

Let’s start with the most obvious question:

What, exactly, is an algorithm?

According to Wikipedia, it is “an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.” According to us, that’s a fairly complex way to say something very simple. And that is: an algorithm is a finite series of steps which, if repeated, can help you solve one type of a problem with the same rate of success every time you try to solve it!

We don’t blame you for thinking that algorithms are something math-related; the word itself is too “scientificy.” However, if you read our definition once again, you’ll realize that you can use algorithms to solve everyday problems.

And, that’s exactly what Christian and Griffiths’ book is all about.

For example, let’s just say that you need to hire a person at your company and that there are ten possible candidates. Your intuition says that you need to assess each and every one of them and then decide on the best applicant.

Math, however, says that you only need to look at four applicants – merely in order to devise a standard. The next applicant who is better than each of the previous applicants is most probably the right one!

It may sound counterintuitive, but it’s an algorithm – so you can be sure that it’s true! More scientifically, it’s called the theory of optimal stopping, and the example we just went over – secretary problem.

And, in more general terms, it means that 37% is the magic number to stop analyzing and start making decisions!


Here’s another one.

Let’s say that you need to sort the books in your library in alphabetical order. There are at least three ways to do it.

First of all, you can choose the bubble sort method. It means repeatedly comparing each pair of neighboring books and swapping their places if they are not in the right order.

Secondly, you can choose the insertion sort. In this case, you remove all the books in your library before putting them back one by one, by comparing each new book with the ones already sorted.

Finally, you can opt for the merge sort, in which you divide your collection into halves (until you can manage one selection) and then combine those halves in a sorted manner.

All of these methods seem good?

Well, they are not! The bubble sort method is the worst, the merge sort is the best one. It doesn’t depend on a person, nor on circumstances.


Because, simply put, the math says so.

Key Lessons from “Algorithms to Live By”

1.      Maximize Your Chances of Finding Your One Perfect Love
2.      Manage Your Time Using Three Simple Algorithms
3.      Make Your Employees Behave the Way You’ll Like Them to Behave

Maximize Your Chances of Finding Your One Perfect Love

Finding the perfect partner is a daunting task. After all, how would you know when to stop looking?

Well, the math says that there is a way. After all, we’re not immortal, so, in other words, you don’t have an unlimited amount of time to look for the perfect one.

What you need to do is very simple. First, decide how much time would you like to spend searching for your future husband or wife. Then, reserve 37% of it for partners who you will discard – but based on who you’ll also devise a standard for what’s good.

Finally, choose the very next one who will be better than the previous partners.

(Yes: in a way, this happened on “Black Mirror” as well).

Manage Your Time Using Three Simple Algorithms

Time management is one of the most important skills you can acquire in your lifetime. And there are three simple math algorithms from where you should start.

First, the Earliest Due Date algorithm. In plain words – start with the tasks with the closest deadline. Secondly, Moore’s algorithm, aka skip the task which requires most of your time (so, no, it’s not a good idea to eat that frog in the morning). And finally, the Single-Task algorithm. Now, that one’s pretty self-explanatory.

Make Your Employees Behave the Way You’ll Like Them to Behave

Many employers – especially in Japan – have problems with their employees not taking their vacations. And making many mistakes because of it.

The company “Evernote” even gave its employees incentives – $1,000 for those who’ll use their vacation days! To no avail! (Really? Really?)

Math says that they should have done something far more obvious: making vacation mandatory. Nothing else would have worked.

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“Algorithms to Live By” Quotes

Our judgments betray our expectations, and our expectations betray our experience. What we project about the future reveals a lot—about the world we live in, and about our own past. Click To Tweet If you followed the best possible process, then you’ve done all you can, and you shouldn’t blame yourself if things didn’t go your way. Click To Tweet No choice recurs. We may get similar choices again, but never that exact one. Hesitation—inaction—is just as irrevocable as action. Click To Tweet Everything starts to break down, however, when a species gains language. What we talk about isn’t what we experience—we speak chiefly of interesting things, and those tend to be things that are uncommon. Click To Tweet Not every problem that can be formally articulated has an answer. Click To Tweet

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The Rules of Work Summary

The Rules of Work SummaryLearn “The Rules of Work” and use them to your advantage.

About Richard Templar

Richard TemplarRichard Templar is an author that writes non-fiction books on business topics.

“The Rules of Work Summary”

There are rules in every organization, in every workplace.

People who follow the rules, and play the game to gain advantage are called Rule Players.

If you want to be a rule player yourself, do not worry – the rules are easy to learn and easy to follow. Below we will give you a quick overview of them.

  • “Walk Your Talk”

Do your job well. This is the first and the essential rule because if you are not doing a good job, following the other rules will do nothing for you.

If you want to get ahead, you need to find a way to do a better job – and be noticed.

Show initiative (just don’t overdo it) and give ideas that you are sure that would work. Keep learning and growing.

  • “Know that You’re Being Judged at All Times”

Be prepared for it. People judge the way others dress, the cars others drive, how others talk and behave, etc.

So, if you accept that judgments are inescapable, you can work on yourself to create a positive judgment from the environment.


  • “Dress well.”
  • “No limp fish: develop the perfect handshake.”
  • “Exude confidence and energy.”
  • “Develop a style that gets noticed.”
  • “Have a Plan”

If you do not know where you are going, you will stray.

Rule Players know their path to their success. How can you plot it?

  • “Know what you want a long term.”
  • “Study the promotion system.”
  • “Identify key times and events.”
  • “Look for opportunities.”
  • “If You Cannot Say Anything Nice – Shut Up”
  • “Don’t gossip.”
  • “Don’t bitch.”
  • “Compliment people sincerely.”
  • “Don’t curse”
  • “Only speak sensitively”
  • “Look After Yourself”

As you get closer to your success, you will notice that others may start to envy you.

Protect yourself from negative influences. Keep your values and ethical standards high.

  • “Blend In”

Blending in does not mean following the crowd. It means standing out while fitting in in the environment.

  • “Act One Step Ahead”

As we said, fitting in does not mean that you do not need to stand out. Leaders are different from the ordinary.

  • Know The System

Get to know your company’s systems and processes, and take advantage of that knowledge. Identify which actions are part of your company’s culture and who are the people who really count.

That way, you will know how to stand out, and who should notice you.

Key Lessons from “The Rules of Work”

1.      The Secret to Becoming a Good Worker
2.      How to Fit In
3.      How to Stand Out

The Secret to Becoming a Good Worker

  • “Never stand still.”
  • Engage in constant “secret learning.”
  • “Carve out a niche for yourself.”
  • “Enjoy what you are doing.”
  • “Never let anyone know how hard you work.”

How to Fit In

  • Learn your organization’s values
  • Use industry jargon
  • Learn when executives and managers “hang out.”
  • Learn and follow your company’s protocols
  • Never disapprove or speak ill of a colleague
  • Understand your company’s hierarchy

How to Stand Out

  • “Dress one step ahead.”
  • “Talk one step ahead.”
  • “Walk the walk.”
  • “Get people to assume you already made the step.”
  • “Cultivate diplomacy.”

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“The Rules of Work” Quotes

Efficiency is doing the job right, effectiveness is doing the right job. Click To Tweet These rules are simple and effective, safe and practical. They are your 100 steps to building confidence and creating a new and more powerful you. Click To Tweet Make each day as conscientious as an interview day. Click To Tweet You can say what you want when you get home, or in the car on your own. But at work you don’t curse. Click To Tweet You may choose what job you want. Now you can choose to dress like that job. Then you will get that job. Click To Tweet

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The Positive Dog Summary

The Positive Dog SummaryA Story About the Power of Positivity

Whether we like to admit it or not, tension is becoming omnipresent in all layers of average human life.

The Positive Dog” displays the unbiased facts and proven theories that confirm this claim.

About Jon Gordon

Jon GordonDespite being an author of several books, Jon Gordon is also a public motivational speaker and a consultant.

“The Positive Dog Summary”

Most people are fed up with life. Such mentality is opposing the thinking positively notion and reduces your chances of attaining peace. Having the lucky charm relies on your viewpoints and cultural, educational and environmental background.

Various psychology experts agree that self-esteem plays a considerable role in developing a positive attitude. Constructive thinking patterns are an indication of a happy life; existence filled with joy and passion. Whatever floats in your head will latch onto your real life.

An act of negativity adds to stressfulness, unhappiness, depression, and anxiety. Negative people always feel threatened and tend to blame other people for their status or situation. In truth, our shallow thoughts pose a threat to our well-being.

If your business or company is filled with negative associates, managers, and employees; undoubtedly your firm will suffer.

Numerous studies mark these allegations and justify the claim that only a positive attitude can match a happy life.

  • 90% of all health issues are merely a consequence of a stressful life. Worries and tensions only produce a new generation of depressive people, whose emotional state keeps getting worse. In one recently conducted study, scientists revealed that happier nuns lived a few years longer than the others.
  • In all analyzes, positive sales experts overshadowed their fellow depressive colleagues by a mile. It’s not something extraordinary because building a strong team spirit takes real leadership skills.
  • “Leaders not bosses” is the answer, encouragement is key to both efficiency and productivity. Nobody likes to work under pressure, without proper guidance.
  • Experts have even designed a perfect marriage scheme – 5:1 ratio positive to negative interactions if you intend to make things work.
    Failed marriages often have 1:1 ratio, which explains the increased divorce rates.
  • Optimistic individuals are not backing down when things get tough. They stand up and fight against anything that inflicts stress and unhappiness.
  • Those who advocate for openness and freedom, are more likely to find solutions and apply ethical practices.
  • In sports, athletes who unlike others publicly express their emotions are proving to be better performers than the negative ones.
  • As we said, positive persons are more efficient and productive. Being motivated an in high-spirits gives you the edge and increases your chances of getting promoted or publicly praised by the superiors.
  • Joyful and optimistic people have more friends and indulge in forming strong personal and professional bonds with others.

Key Lessons from “The Positive Dog

1.      Develop a “Positive Plan”
2.      Before saying something negative “Stop”
3.      Show compassion and offer friendship

Develop a “Positive Plan”

This 11-day strategy is not merely something that you should take for granted.

The road to total optimism is paved with proper planning and pure intentions.

Before saying something negative “Stop”

Sometimes we need to pause in order to reassess the situation. Bad words are just like arrows; once they are fired, there is no turning back.

Take it slow and gently.

Show compassion and offer friendship

The two-dog story describes how we must lower our guard down and be open to compromise.

Everyone appreciates sincerity and desire to make things right. Leave your ego aside for a moment and focus on solving the issue.

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“The Positive Dog” Quotes

The world needs you to speak into the hearts of others and say, I believe in you. If you have the desire then you also have the power to make it happen. Keep working hard. You’re improving and getting better. Keep it up. Great things… Click To Tweet We all have two dogs inside of us. One dog is positive, happy, optimistic and hopeful. The other dog is negative, mad, sad, pessimistic and fearful. Click To Tweet Abundance flows into your life when gratitude flows out of your heart. Click To Tweet Gratitude is one of the greatest gifts we can give ourselves. Click To Tweet When you are positive, you not only make yourself better, you make everyone around you better. Click To Tweet

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Your Body Language Shapes Who You Are Summary

Your Body Language Shapes Who You Are SummaryYou are certainly aware that you’re talking with your body as much as you do with your mouth. However, you are probably unaware what you’re actually communicating.

Charismatic social psychologist Amy Cuddy is here to tell you that “Your Body Language Shapes Who You Are.” And we to summarize her famous TED Talk.

About Amy Cuddy

Amy CuddyAmy Cuddy is an American social psychologist and author, who specializes in studying discrimination, body language, and the link between power and nonverbal behavior. She has written one book, “Presence: Bringing Your Boldest Self to Your Biggest Challenges” and has been a frequent lecturer at many events.

“Your Body Language Shapes Who You Are Summary”

Do Schools Kill Creativity?”

Of course they do. And you know this because you’re one of the 50 million people in the world who have heard Ken Robinson explaining the answer at TED.

Well, that’s the only TED talk viewed by more people than Amy Cuddy’s “Your Body Language Shapes Who You Are.”


And that should tell you just about enough concerning the importance of today’s summary.

Because body language is not something of significance exclusively in business; it’s also important in everyday conversations.

So, really, this TED Talk can revolutionize your life.

How much so?

Well, let’s just say that anyone can predict about 70% of the people in the US Senate based on one-second scanning of their faces.


Because each and everyone of us speaks volumes about him or herself even before opening the mouth. Just take these few cases as examples.

When you’re feeling confident and powerful, you open and expand your body; however, when you’re feeling insecure, your body hunches. And this is so deeply engraved within our nature that studies have shown it is true for blind people as well.

In other words, even people who haven’t seen other people rejoice, throw their arms in the air and raise their chins every time they feel victorious.

Amy Cuddy claims that science has shown that this has to have some connection with our hormones. As you may or may not know, testosterone is the hormone of dominance, and cortisol the stress hormone. The former is excreted when you’re in a position of power, and the latter when you’re stressful.

For example, in the animal kingdom, just few days after becoming the alpha male of a herd, a primate’s levels of cortisol fall and testosterone levels rise.

And here’s the interesting news:

The same thing happens inside your body as well even if you are not an alpha male. The only thing you need to do is trick your body that you are.

Via your body language: hormones seem to understand it perfectly.

Or, to be more exact, if you assume a Wonder Woman-styled powerful stance for two minutes, you’ll increase your testosterone levels by 20% and decrease your cortisol levels by 25%.

So, do it every time you need some confidence. It’s called power posing and some say it works.

And even if it doesn’t – it’ll take merely two minutes of your day!

Key Lessons from “Your Body Language Shapes Who You Are”

1.      Body Language Speaks Volumes About You
2.      Testosterone and Cortisol Affect Your Confidence
3.      Power Posing May Change Your Life

Body Language Speaks Volumes About You

Even before you say one word, people make judgements about you. What they’re reading into is your body language. It seems that some if it is so deeply imprinted in our human nature that even people who are born blind raise their hands in triumph after a victory.

Testosterone and Cortisol Affect Your Confidence

Testosterone is the hormone of dominance; cortisol is the hormone of stress. In powerful people, they combine well to stimulate their confidence when put under pressure. The same is true in primates. For example, in any alpha primate, just days after assuming the role, testosterone levels rise to the ceiling, and cortisol levels significantly decrease.

Power Posing May Change Your Life

Great news: you can trick your body to do the same. You can simply imitate being a figure with an authority and this will stimulate your body to excrete the right amounts of testosterone and cortisol. All you need is a simple, powerful stance. Amy Cuddy and Wonder Woman assume it on this image.

Now it’s your turn: do the same for two minutes only and completely change your life.

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“Your Body Language Shapes Who You Are” Quotes

We make sweeping judgments and inferences from body language. And those judgments can predict really meaningful life outcomes like who we hire or promote, who we ask out on a date Click To Tweet When you pretend to be powerful, you are more likely to actually feel powerful. Click To Tweet There are a lot of differences between powerful and powerless people. Physiologically, there also are differences on two key hormones: testosterone, which is the dominance hormone, and cortisol, which is the stress hormone. Click To Tweet Don’t fake it till you make it. Fake it till you become it...Do it enough until you actually become it and internalize it. Click To Tweet Tiny tweaks can lead to big changes. Click To Tweet

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